Functions of nutrients

Payton Nickell and Jasmine Myrick

Water

Your body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions. The effects of water or excess of it is nutrient is pollution. water borne illness, often referred to as food poisoning, is generally caused by eating or drinking food or beverages contaminated by bacteria, so to prevent this, don't eat food with bacteria on it. Five water sources are watermelon, kiwi, oranges, apples, and celery.

Carbohydrates

The role of carbohydrates is to provide energy, as they are the body's main source of fuel, needed for physical activity, brain function and operation of the organs. Eating too many carbohydrates can lead to an increase in total calories, which can lead to obesity. Not eating enough carbohydrates can cause a lack of calories, or lead to an excessive intake of fats to make up for the calories not eaten as carbohydrates. Cancer risks are greatly increased with diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease and many other unhealthy conditions caused by the high-blood glucose and high-blood insulin levels. The only way to prevent diseases caused by insulin spikes and plunges is to eat a low-carbohydrate diet. Carbohydrates food sources are milk, popcorn, cookies, spaghetti, and soft drinks.
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Protein

They do most of the work in cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs. Excess Protein May Fuel Weight Gain, Yeast Overgrowth, and Cancer. Protien food includes seafood, milk, cheese, yogurt, and beans.

Fat

There are three functions of fat in the body. Fat is a backup source of energy to fuel your workout when carbohydrates are not available. Eating too much saturated fat is one of the major risk factors for heart disease. Food soruces for fat are salmon, nuts, seeeds, plant oils, and avacodos.

Vitamins

Vitamin A helps form and maintain healthy teeth, bones, soft tissue, mucus membranes, and skin. Vitamin B6 is also called pyridoxine. Vitamin B6 helps form red blood cells and maintain brain function. This vitamin also plays an important role in the proteins that are part of many chemical reactions in the body. Consuming too much Vitamin A from supplementation alone, or in combination with other antioxidants, has been associated with birth defects, lower bone density, and liver problem. You can get rickets caused by vitamin dificiency. The best way to prevent rickets is by eating a diet with a lot of vitamin D in it. Food sources of vitamins are liver, cantaloupe, cheese, broccoli, and tomatoes.

Minerals

Minerals help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy. Minerals are inorganic substances that are essential for a healthy body, as they help to create hormones, enzymes, bones, tissues, teeth and fluids. Magnesium is one of the most important minerals to the body. It promotes the absorption and metabolizing of other minerals, including sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and calcium. Food sources are brazil nuts, cheese, eggs, milk, and garlic.