Kaya Skin Care

Men and women alike need to follow a regular skin care

Skin Care Tips For Treating Sunburns

Summer is a time for fun, friends, and long vacations. It is also a time for being alert and aware of the damaging effects of the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. Sun burns occur from overexposure to the sunlight. How much you sunburn will depend on your skin type, sun’s intensity, and the length of exposure. When it comes to treating sunburns, prevention is better than the cure. Incurring sunburn can have many unwanted side effects such as rashes, painful blisters, redness, and UV damage. Excessive sun burns can sometimes be accompanied by nausea, abnormal sweating, and dizziness, in which case you should seek medical attention immediately. Prolonged sun burns can lead to changes in your DNA and even develop into skin melanomas.

In order to gain immediate relief from some of the negative side effects of sunburns, try any of the following remedies:

  1. Rehydrate with fluids: Start by having a large glass of water. Experts recommend drinking two litres of water per day. This amount should be increased if you are in the sun and are sweating. To treat the burns, gently apply a cold, wet sponge to the burned areas. If your entire body is experiencing discomfort due to the heat, then take a soak in some cool bath water. Avoid alcohol and pop, as these can cause further dehydration.

  2. Moisturize: Sunburned area becomes dry and itchy rather quickly. Apply cool moisturizing creams such as Aloe Vera or cucumber, to the affected areas. This will quickly rehydrate your skin. One important point to note is to avoid applying heavily perfumed lotions. The alcohols in these products can aggravate the burning symptoms. Creams with menthol and camphor are also effective cooling agents for the skin. Refrigerating the cream before applying it will give additional cooling to the skin.

  3. Calamine Lotion: This is an old fashioned yet effective remedy for sunburned skin. You need keep applying this lotion because its effects can wear off very quickly. One helpful tip is to have a soothing bath before applying the calamine lotion. Then dab the calamine lotion all over the sunburned area with cotton. The only drawback to this remedy is that it leaves a white residue as the lotion dries.

  4. Hydrocortisone Ointment: This is an effective treatment for reducing the swelling and eliminating some of the pain from sunburned skin. Hydrocortisone cannot be applied to the face, to large areas of the body, or to blisters which have burst, and on any broken skin patches. Hydrocortisone as a treatment should only be used under the recommendation of your physician or pharmacist.

  5. Painkillers: If the pain is truly unbearable, quick relief is at hand with pain killers. Ibuprofen is an example of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent which is effective in lower fevers, reducing swelling, and treating pain. Naproxen is another NSAID that is effective in treating sunburns. Pain killers should only be ingested under the guidance of physicians.

  6. Avoid popping the blisters: Once the pain has receded, you may feel tempted to pop those pesky blisters, but avoid doing so and let them dry out on their own. When you pop a blister, it leaves the area exposed to infection. When sunburned skin begins to dry, it recedes and exposes the newly formed skin beneath. You can gently peel back the dead skin, but ensure that you apply lots of moisturizer in order to prevent excessive dryness or flaking.

  7. Apply yogurt: Natural and plain yogurt is an effective treatment for sunburned skin. It might seem messy but it is actually quite soothing. It has a cooling effect on the skin when applied directly from the fridge. You must ensure it is not flavoured yogurt.

  8. Avoid Sun Exposure: Until your sunburn has healed completely, make sure you avoid the sun. If you must head outside, wear long sleeved clothing, made out of cotton. Don’t forget to apply sun protection to your face, neck, and hands.

After a long winter indoors, it is very tempting to throw caution to the wind and head outdoors without any care in the world. However, the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays can have detrimental effects on our skin and overall health with skin care. Make it a habit to carry sunblock of at least SPF 30 and blocks UVA and UVB rays. You should also carry a wide hat, eye glasses, and a cool after-sun lotion, each time you head outdoors. Do not be fooled by overcast days, because UV light still comes through the cloud cover. If you experience extreme sweating, you should apply the sunscreen every two hours. Remember that UV radiation is highest between the hours of 11AM and 4PM, so if possible, avoid going out during this time. By following some of these tips, you will help to keep your skin safe from sunburns.

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Until your sunburn has healed completely, make sure you avoid the sun. If you must head outside, wear long sleeved clothing, made out of cotton. Don’t forget to apply sun protection to your face, neck, and hands.