Influential Psychialogist

By: Elise Brown

Wilhelm Wundt

Wilhelm Wundt is known as the father of psychology. He is credited with the establishement of the first psychology lab

Video #1

The history of psychology dates back to the Middle Ages. During this time many people that were psychologically challenged were thought to be possessed by a demon. Until the late 1800s many people did not take into account that the mind was behind the quality of life. With the emergence of early psychology it was revealed that generics plays a major role in the quality of life. However, with the studies Skinner it was found that behaviors are learned. It was at this point the connection between animal and human minds were made.

Perception is the idea that only the whole can be taken into account. Abstract ideas serve no purpose because they distort the purpose of the main idea. Humans tend to look for patterns when doing activities.

Video Questions/Answers

1. Why did people with mental illnesses labeled as possessed?

During the time period people did not take into account that there was an abnormally with the brain. They immediately attributed odd behavior to works of the devil.

2. Why was religion the answer for solving mental problems?

People could not think outside of the box during this time. It was the Dark Ages in which education and logical reasoning was not taken into account.

3. How did the emergence of psychology enact people to think? How did it change education?

It caused people to think with objective. Wilhelm Wundt urged his students to think outside the box.

4. How to people function in the world?

Physical traits and genetic traits are passed on as well as adaptations.

Video #2

There have been a number of influential psychologist throughout history. With these psychologist came different points of views and concepts. Charles Darwin is behind the idea of behavioral psychologists. He influenced what is now known as fundamentalist. Because of him it is now known that genetics play into the role of mental compatibility.

With the expansion of psychologist there became a focus on the mental health of the public, Public asylums were opened to help those with mental illnesses.

Later on in history it was learned that the age of an individual plays into the role of their mental state. The idea that a person's feelings and behaviors were set to that individual is known as phenomenology. Behaviorism is the thought that feelings are not important but rather how an individual behaves is. B.F. Skinner suggested that punishment be used to change behavior. Therefore, parents began to use this method and it was proven.

Questions/Answers #2

1. Why does talk therapy help?

Talk therapy allows a person to let to go of pent up memories.

2. What do dreams represents?

Dreams represents your minds unconscious thoughts and ideas. They are a reflection of repressed ideas.

3. Why does punishment allow for the changing of behavior?

It allows a person to identify what will happen in exchange for the bad behavior causing a change in behavior.

4. Can behaviorism be supported?

Behaviorism can be supported by the fact that changes in behavior after therapy have been shown.

5. Were B.F. Skinner and Tichner's conflict justifiable?

B.F. Skinner looked down upon Tichner's ideas due to the fact that he believed they were not scientific and could not be proven.

Video #3

Edward Titchener is behind the concepts of structuralism, introspection, and stimulus error. Wilhelm Wundt explained the reasons behind learning difficulites. He explained the reasoning behind perception. Our perceived image is connected to our observation of what is what really happening. Titchener is known for his idea of stimulus error. He taught that meaning is not important, but the perception of what is perceived is. He taught that feelings and stimulus go hand and hand.

Edward Titchener and Wundt's theories went against each other. Wundt felt that the stimulus does not affect what is recieved. Wundt however, stuck by his theory and was the first man to teach psychology in the US. He taught at Cornell university.

Questions/Answers #3

1. Why are perceptions not as binding as stimuli?

You can perceive anything, while it is not actually happening. Stimuli on the other hand is more likely to be true.

2. Should psychology be a science?

Psychology should be a social science b/c there is evidence that it occurs, for examples where memories are stored.

3. Why are descriptions better?

By describing the characteristics of your stimuli it is more likely to be a true happening.

4. What are immediate experiences?

Immediate experiences are experiences that you perceive or are in your memory.

5. How does introspection help?

Sensation perception is a piece that links associated images in the brain to stimuli.

1-3: History of Psychology
AP Psychology Review: Psychologists in History and Methods Units
Wundt and the Founding of Psychology