Going Against Tyranny

By Neha Patil


James Madison's idea of division of power between central and state government is known as Federalism. This was where the states could set up local governments, hold elections, establish schools, pass marriage and divorce laws, and regulate in-state business. On the other hand, the central government could regulate trade, conduct foreign relations, provide an army and navy, declare war, print coin and money, set up post offices, make immigration laws. But what they could both do was tax, borrow money, set up courts, make laws, and enforce laws. Federalism averts the national government and state from having too much power over the nation and over the people. This also gives double security to the people.
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Separation of powers

On May 25, 1787, which was the first day of the meeting, the separation of legislature, executive, and judicial were established. Legislative was where you could create laws, approve of judges, approve of budgets, and much more. Executive was where you could enforce laws, make treaties, appoint judges, and appoint the executive heads. For judicial, it was where you could interpret the laws decide the meanings of laws, and judicial review. This way, there is no group that has more power then the others. Separation of power goes against tyranny because it prevents one person or group of people from doing whatever they want.

Checks and Balances

Checks and balances are very important and they protected the people. Checks and balances is where branches could check on each other. For example, legislative can make a law, but if the president doesn't agree with it, (executive) then he/she can veto a law, or not pass it. The president can nominate judges for the Supreme Court. The judicial branch can declare wars unconstitutional from the Senate. Checks and balances go against tyranny they allow power to be balanced.
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The Great Compromise

There was a problem between the big states and the little states. The bigger states wanted more representatives, for more power and for the government. But the little states wanted equal representation. So, what they agreed was everyone gets equal representation so that if would be fair. The Great Compromise went against tyranny because the little states can be heard too and have the same amount of power as everyone else.
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