The Chinstrap Penguin

Task 1 for Antarctic animal

DESCRIPTION

The Chinstrap penguin is a species of penguin found only in Antarctica. It stands at 70 cm and can weigh up to 5 kg. They are mostly black, with theistomach being white and they have a very distictive black strap under their chin. They are the second most numerous penguin in the world and are the 3rd largest penguin in the world after the Emperor and King penguin.

DIET

The Chinstrap's diet consists of: (mostly) krill and most small fish. They dive to catch their prey close to their colonies and can dive for no longer than one minute and can go down to only around 65 meters deep!!

BREEDING

The Chinstrap penguin lays it's eggs through from late November up until early December. Most of the time, they normally lay 1-2 eggs per season. They build their nests from stones and sticks that they may steal from other penguins nests.

HABITAT AND MIGRATION

The Chinstrap Penguin live in large colonies on the shores of Antarctica and on the rocky islands surrounding Antarctica during summer and then migrate north to the pack ice for the winter months.

PREDATORS, BEHAVIOURS AND ADAPTIONS

The Chinstrap's predators are the Orca, the leopard seal and the chicks can sometimes be prey to carnivorous birds such as the Brown Skua and the Sheathbill.

The penguin has it's colouring to help it camoflage as it is difficult to see from the top and difficult to see from below as well. They have evolved to have a thick layer of blubber and closely packed together feathers. Their feathers also have an oily substance on them to keep out the water when they are swimming. They can jump about 50cm high to reach places that they can not reach by foot . Their blood flow to their feet and flippers are very low so that they can reduce heat loss. They also have tendons in their feet and flippers so that if they get frozen, they can still work as normal.

WILDLIFE STATUS AND POPULATION

The wildlife status of this penguin is least concern. The number of penguins in the world are estimated at 7.5 MILLION breeding pairs.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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