From Rights Came Freedom

By: Marisol Espinoza P.3rd

Introduction:

To what degree has the civil rights movement contributed to making the United States a more equal and just society?

During this time it was a tough time for the African Americans because the Americans didn't like them at all they would always want to be segregated like they would seperate the schools. They would have an all black school and an all white school they would even seperate the drinking fountains and their would be little signs that say only blacks or only whites. But early on in the 60s and 50s the African Americans started to stand up for themselves. The first one to start was Rosa Park she was a old woman who rode the bus every day to get to where she wanted and on Dec. 1st of 1995, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white bus rider,and back then they were required (blacks) to give seats toward the front of buses to whites. She was then jailed for not giving the seat to the American. Then the next day a black community boycott of the city’s buses began. The boycott lasted more than a year, demonstrating the unity and determination of black residents and inspiring blacks elsewhere.

The 1955-56 Montgomery Bus Boycott, a protest against segregated public facilities in Alabama, was led by Martin Luther King Jr. and lasted for 381 days.

Ways of the movement

Strategies employed to abolish discrimination against American blacks included efforts at litigation and lobbying by traditional organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of the colored people. These efforts had been the hallmarks of the American Civil Rights Movement from 1896 to 1954.

Martin Luther King, Jr., who emerged as the boycott movement’s most effective leader, possessed unique conciliatory and oratorical skills. He understood the larger significance of the boycott and quickly realized that the nonviolent tactics used by the Indian nationalist Mahatma Gandhi could be used by southern blacks.

~"Unsung Heros"~

Ella Joe Baker (1912-1987)

In April 1960, Baker organized a meeting at Shaw University for the student leaders of the "Sit-Ins." From this meeting the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was born. The SNCC worked with the Congress of Racial Equality to organize the 1961 "Freedom Rides." In 1964 the SNCC helped create "Freedom Summer," a voter registration drive designed to dramatically expand the numbers of black voters in the South.
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Bayard Rustin (1912-1987)

He focus on non-violence and skill for organization made him a key adviser to Dr. King. Rustin began working with Dr. King as an organizer and strategist in 1955. He taught Dr. King about Gandhi's philosophy of non-violent resistance and advised him on the tactics of civil disobedience. He assisted Dr. King with the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1956.Most famously, Rustin was a key figure in the organization of the March on Washington,at which Dr. King delivered his legendary "I Have a Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963.