Unit 4 Vocab

Hugo Willis

1) Red Scare

The rounding up and deportation of several hundred immigrants of radical political views by the federal government in 1919 and 1920. This “scare”was caused by fears of subversion by communists in the United States after the Russian Revolution.
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2) Palmer Raids

were a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States
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3) Nativism

the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants
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4) Ku Klux Klan

a secret organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the CivilWar, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to opposecarpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless andviolent proceedings
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5) Fundamentalism

A conservative movement in theology among nineteenth- and twentieth-century Christians. Fundalmentalist believe that the statements in the Bible are literally true
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6) Prohibition

the prevention by law of the manufacture and sale of alcohol, especially in the US between 1920 and 1933.
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7) Speakeasy

an illicit liquor store or nightclub
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8) Flappers

a fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and flouting conventional standards of behavior.
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9) Art Deco

the predominant decorative art style of the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by precise and boldly delineated geometric shapes and strong colors, and used most notably in household objects and in architecture.
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10) Model T

was an automobile built by the Ford Motor Company from 1908 until 1927. Conceived by Henry Ford as practical, affordable transportation for the common man, it quickly became prized for its low cost, durability, versatility, and ease of maintenance.
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11) Harlem Renaissance

a movement that spanned the 1920s. The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York
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12) Back to Africa Movement

also known as the Colonization movement or Black Zionism, originated in the United States in the 19th century. It encouraged those of African descent to return to the African homelands of their ancestors.
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13) NAACP

an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 by Moorfield Storey, Mary White Ovington and W. E. B. Du Bois.
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14) ACLU

The American Civil Liberties Union is a nonpartisan, non-profit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country
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15) Jazz

a type of music of black American origin characterized by improvisation, syncopation, and usually a regular or forceful rhythm, emerging at the beginning of the 20th century
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16) Federal Reserve

The Federal Reserve System‍—‌also known as the Federal Reserve or simply as the Fed‍—‌is the central banking system of the United States.
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17) Stock Market Crash

A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline ofstock prices across a significant cross-section of astock market, resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth
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18) Hawley Smoot Tariff

enacted in June 1930 which caused an increase in import duties by as much as 50%.
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19) Dust Bowl

an area of land where vegetation has been lost and soil reduced to dust and eroded, especially as a consequence of drought or unsuitable farming practice.
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20) Okies

a native or inhabitant of Oklahoma.
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21) Bonus Army

The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups
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22) Bank Holiday

a day on which banks are officially closed, observed as a public holiday.
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23) Fireside Chats

an informal conversation.
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24) One Hundred Days

a special session of Congress from March 9, 1933 to June 16, 1933,called by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which important social legislation was enacted.
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25) New Deal

A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s; the New Deal was designed to improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression.
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26) Al Capone

Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone was an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit. His seven-year reign as crime boss ended when he was 33 years old
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27) Warren Harding

Warren Gamaliel Harding was the 29th President of the United States
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28) Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was the 30th President of the United States. A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state
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29) Herbert Hoover

Herbert Clark Hoover was the 31st President of the United States.
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30) Marcus Garvey

a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements
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31) Zora Neale Hurston

an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
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32) Langston Hughes

was an American poet, social activist, novelist, and playwright.
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33) Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States; elected four times; instituted New Deal to counter the Great Depression and led country during World War II
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34) Eleanor Roosevelt

wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights
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