By: Olivia Pearce


1. Mesopotamia is located in the Fertile Crescent, which is Iraq today. It is located between two rivers; the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. Mesopotamia means a land between two rivers.

2. This is a map of Mesopotamia.

3. There is usually high rainfall around the mountains. Mesopotamia is usually hot, but not dry. Mesopotamia's soil is real moist, for it is between two rivers and keeps the ground nice and moist.

4. Mesopotamia is Iraq today.

5. Mesopotamia is 7,113.19 miles away from Elm City, North Carolina.


1. The civilizations are; the Hittites, kassities, Assyrians, and the Chaldeans

2. The requirements of a civilization are; Urban revolution, new political and military structures, social structures based on economic power, the development of complex technology, the development of writing, distinct religious structures, and new forms of artistic and cultural activity.

3. The importance of Hummurabi's are that it doesn't matter if you are rich or poor, if you broke the law you were guilty and you would have punishment. He does this because he created these laws by himself and he hand written them with the writing system called Cunieform.

4. The five laws I picked are; If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he cannot prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death, If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death, If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces, If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death, and If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.

5. Gilgamesh was the ruler of the city Uruk. Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu, went on a journey, and they went to the distant mountains. They brought back wood from the cedar forests. Everyone loved the Cedar Trees because they were really special and the wood would last for many years. They would grow tall and straight and their limbers were used for roof beams and doors in temples and palaces. Everyone in the city heard the stories of the demon Humbaba. Humbaba guarded the Cedar Forests and everyone said that his roar was like the sound of a flood, his mouth was like fire, and his breath was like death. Gilgamesh and his friend were excited to meet Humbaba, in fact they thought that they could beat him in a battle


1. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was one of the seven wonders that was purely legendary. The Hanging Gardens were built up in the ancient city stat of Babylon. They were not the only Seven World of Wonders in Babylon, the city walls attributed to Queen Semiramis. They were also documented by the Ancient Greek and Roman writers including ; Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, and Quintus Curtius Rufus.

2. The four pictures of the Mesopotamia inventions are at the bottom. I think the wheels that were invented in technology were important because it made their lives easier with trading because if they have wheels for transportation then they wouldn't have to carry the goods and that would just be really heavy and a lot of work. I also think the bronze was important in technology also because they used bronze metal for their weapons and that material was stronger for them to fight with. The last thing in technology I thought was important was the clock. The clock was important because it was measured with water and it showed them how much rain they have had in the past month, days, weeks, or years. The last thing I think is important was the area of a triangle and a rectangle. They needed to figure out how big their house was going to be so it wouldn't be uneven.

3. Cuneiform is a writing system they used. They wrote with clay, tablets, and stylus. The 1st civilization invented the writing system.

4. The different class of Mesopotamia are; the Upper Class, the Lower Class, the Priests, and the Slaves.

5. Ziggurats were temples at the time. Ancient Sumerians believed the powerful gods lived in the sky, so they decided to build huge structures called ziggurats with steps so they can climb to the very top. The temple was so tall that you can see all the way to the protective wall built around the town. You could also see the farmlands that are behind the wall. In each town, in the center was a ziggurat. They put those in the center because it was the center of daily life


1. The farming is really well in Mesopotamia. They have very rich soil, and that's what makes the crops grow really well. Mesopotamia had a food surplus, a food surplus is more than what you need and that lead to a division of labor.

2. Scientist thought one part of the Mesopotamia collapse were the irrigation techniques. Irrigation water was aloud to sit on rather fields and evaporate then mineral salts are left behind. They also think that the Mashkan-Shapir's collapsed because of the destruction on the fields by the mineral salts. The plants become poisonous by, when the mineral salts concentrate with the upper parts of the soil.

3. Most mesopitamians ate unleaved bread and drank at least a gallon of beer a day. They also drunk cows milk, but it would usually turn sour in the hot weather. Most of mesopitamians cooked vegetable stews be chase meat was so expensive. Do you know what they ate that had an important source of protein in it? Fish. The cakes they made for special occasions were made with butter, cheese, dates, flour, and raisins.

4. Civilizations live near bodies of water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and transportation.

5. One way farmers could do their farming was to develop a system to control the flow and the direction of the water from the river. The two systems, canals and irrigation systems were built for redirecting the water to the fields for farming. The system regulators, were used to raise and lower the water levels in the canals and the ditches, for irrigation so that the farmers could use it. Each growing season, each farmer had a certain amount of water. When it was one of the farmers turn to water his fields, the regulator worked so that the water ran from the canal into the irrigation ditch, which ran alongside the farmer's fields.


•Used most of the websites you gave us



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