Qin Dynasty | 秦 | 221-202 B.C.

Andrew Hui & Faran Kharaghani

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Politics

Qin Shi Huang Di was the main emperor of the Qin dynasty. He unified China with a strong government, and he also united seven kingdoms into one empire with his powerful army. Qin Shi Huang Di rose to power by defeating rival armies to take control of China. With efficient agriculture which lead to surplus, a powerful army was born. To protect China, Qin Shi Huang Di built the Great Wall of China but was not finished during the Qin dynasty. Qin also made a standard currency, simplifying trade and communication. Unfortunately, the Qin dynasty didn't last for a long time because after the death of Qin Shi Huang Di, his son could not hold resist against attackers. Local leaders wanted more power and poor people rebelled because they were being ignored. This lead to the decline of the Qin dynasty.

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A painting of Qin Shi Huang Di

Economics

In Ancient China, during the Qin Dynasty, economics and communication had changed significantly from the past. Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di did not enjoy the troubles in trading and communication around China. Many places had different measurements, languages, such as Xian Yang. Qin Shi quickly created a standardized measurement and language system that was quickly enforced. He sent servants and even went himself to other places in China to make sure that his new systems were used correctly. Then, he decided to build a wall to protect China, and is the largest standing structure today! The Great Wall of China measures a length of 5500.3 miles and the binding of bricks were made with rice flour. At this point, being a soldier wasn't a very popular occupation, and a builder was more valuable. The GW of China was so demanding in labor that bronze wasn't even used to make many weapons, but tools were needed more. When Qin begun to age up, he knew he was going to die, but attempted to seek immortality. He ordered a ginormous army of terra cotta, or clay warriors. When this command was sent, clay was a material China was in need of. Thousands of soldiers quickly moved to being builders, and traded for clay, which was in high demand for a few years.
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An open-holed coin invented in the Qin Dynasty.

Science, Technology, Astronomy, and Architecture

Though the Qin Dynasty was a very short dynasty, many accomplishments were made. When Qin standardized money, measurements, and language, trading and communication became much easier than before when China had different languages for different parts. In fact, the language Qin invented is still used today! Around the middle of the dynasty period, he had the great idea of building a huge wall to protect China from Mongolia. This wall was completed eventually, but unfortunately, Qin Shi Huang Di didn't live long enough to see his work of art (Idea). The Great Wall of China resulted to be 5500.3 miles long, two thirds of the equator diameter of Earth (7926 mi.)! To this day, the Great Wall stands as it used to around 2400 years ago. The multiplication table was also invented during the Qin Dynasty, and it helps lots of people in present times. Irrigation was another great deal in China. To feed the whole country, they needed to farm. To farm, they needed irrigation, and to irrigate, they need soil and water. Qin had built many architectural marvels, like roads, but he also built The Grand Canal. The Grand Canal is an artificial river, and the longest canal ever built. Ships in China use it to cross areas that once were impossible to traverse. This enabled ships to cut travel times up to 6 times.
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An aerial view of The Great Wall of China.

Religion & Culture

During the Qin Dynasty, the most popular religion was Confucianism and non-legalistic philosophies. In the Qin dynasty a new type of writing named lesser seal was created which was similar to calligraphy. Most men usually worked on farms and markets. Nobles and Merchants would watch the people and make sure nothing bad happens, and women didn’t have any rights and spent all their time in the house doing chores and taking care of children. Boys would help their fathers in farms and markets. When girls grew up, parts of their feet were cut off and were bandaged.
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A painting of Confucius.