Group 15 Elements: Nitrogen family

Anna Merchant and Zakynia Haley

Elements

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Arsenic

Antimony

Bismuth

Description of Elements

Nitrogen

a) Name of element: Nitrogen

b) Symbol of element: N

c) Atomic Number of element: 7

d) Atomic Mass of element: 14

f) How many valence electrons does this element have?: 5

g) What are the uses for this element?: fertilizers, dyes, explosives

h) Who discovered this element?: Daniel Rutherford

Phosphorus

a) Name of element: Phosphorus

b) Symbol of element: P

c) Atomic Number of element: 15

d) Atomic Mass of element: 30.974

f) How many valence electrons does this element have?: 5

g) What are the uses for this element?: Used in flares and incendiary devices

h) Who discovered this element?: Hennig Brand

Arsenic


a) Name of element: Arsenic

b) Symbol of element: As

c) Atomic Number of element: 33

d) Atomic Mass of element: 75

f) How many valence electrons does this element have?: 5

g) What are the uses for this element?: Rat poison, insecticides

h) Who discovered this element?: Albertus Magnus

Antimony

a) Name of element: Antimony

b) Symbol of element: Sb

c) Atomic Number of element: 51

d) Atomic Mass of element:121.760

f) How many valence electrons does this element have?: 5

g) What are the uses for this element?: Making flame proof materials

Who discovered this element?: Unknown

Bismuth

a) Name of element: Bismuth

b) Symbol of element: Bi

c) Atomic Number of element: 83

d) Atomic Mass of element: 209

f) How many valence electrons does this element have? 5

g) What are the uses for this element? Fire detectors, fire extinguishers, electric fuses

h) Who discovered this element? Unknown

What do they have in common?

All the elements are used for industrial uses and they all have a valence electron of 5.