The Aztecs

Digital Element #2

Who were the Aztecs?

The Aztecs were a group of people that resided in Mesoamerica, where present day Mexico is. The capital of the empire was Tenochtitlan and their leader was Montezuma.

The Aztec Communities

The Aztecs developed city-states. The capital city, Tenochtitlán (est.1325) had a large population of about 250,000 people.

Aztecs and Agriculture

Aztecs controlled the fertile valleys in the highland s of Mexico and Aztec merchants forged trading routes throughout the empire. Trade and Tribute demanded from subject peoples brought gold, textiles, turquoise, obsidian tropical bird feathers and cacao to Tenochtitlán.

Aztec Rituals and Beliefs

Warrior-nobles captured enemies were brought to the capital, where Aztec priests brutally sacrificed thousand of them. Aztecs believed ritual murders sustained the cosmos, ensuring fertile fields and the daily return of the sun. Aztecs were practiced animism. Animist believed that nature had spiritual power.