Indus River Civilization

What it was life like for them?

Climate, Geography, and Human Environment Intraction

The climate for the Indus River Civilization had monsoon winds and in the summer the monsoons brought heavy rainfall across the area. During the winter it blew in reverse direction and brought more drier weather.

The geography had lots of mountains like the Himalayas which are the highest mountains in the world. There are also rivers and one was named the Indus River and the Ganges River. There are many plains like the Ganges and Indus River Valleys.

Writing and Religion

Their religion was based on their power on a belief in divine assistance. Religion and political power were both closely linked. The holy temple and the royal palace were combined in the citadel, or fortress to show a close connection. The Hinduism and Buddhism was the most well known religion among the people.

Their writing system at first was poorly understood. There was no agreement on what it represented and what had no bilingual texts found and its connections with the Indian writing systems are uncertain.

Pictures of Indus River Civilization

Political and Social Class

The people were all divided into four varnas, social groups that ranked from high to low. At the highest were the Brahmins, the priestly class who performed the religious ceremonies so important to Indian society. The Kshatriyas or warriors were considered next in importance. The Vaisyas were commoners who were merchants and farmers. The lowest varna were the Sudras, peasants or servants who made up most of the Indian population. Every Indian was believed to be born into a caste system. Which was a social group that was defined by occupation and family lineage. It determined what job people could have and who they could marry.

Many empires were created through out India. Like the Mauryan, Kushan, and the Guptas.


Indians had many accomplishments like trade routes. The people traded lots of different goods because of the trade route and benefited from it. There were other accomplishments like Literature, Architecture, Science, and Math.