lodz ghetto

Concentration camp

Concentration Camp

Established on December 10,1930 and held about 204,800 Jews. Living conditions in the ghetto were horrendous. Most of the quarter had neither running water nor a sewer system. Hard labor, overcrowding, and starvation were the dominant features of life. Hard labor, overcrowding, and starvation were common

2nd paragraph~Life for jews

The Germans established factories in the ghetto and Jewish residents for forced labor. By August 1942, there were almost 100 factories within the ghetto. The major factories produced textiles, especially uniforms, for the German army. More than 20% of the ghettos population died as a direct result of these harsh living conditions. Chairman of the Jewish council in the Lodz ghetto, hoped to prevent the destruction of the ghetto by making it as productive as possible. He gambled that Jewish labor essential to German factories would spare Jews from eventual deportation and preserve the Lodz ghetto until the end of the war.


In 1941 and 1942, almost 40,000 Jews were deported to the Lodz ghetto 20,000 from Germany, Austria, the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and Luxembourg, and almost 20,000 from the smaller provincial towns in the Warthegau. About 5,000 Romas from Austria, primarily from the Burgenland province, were deported to the ghetto. They were confined in a segregated block of buildings.Between September 1942 and May 1944, there were no major deportations from Lodz. The ghetto resembled a forced-labor camp. In the spring of 1944, the Nazis decided to destroy the Lodz ghetto. By then, Lodz was the last remaining ghetto in Poland, with a population of approximately 75,000 Jews in May 1944

elijah esters

english 8-2


febuary 16 2015