Bosnia and Herzegovina

By Reagan Brown


In this presentation you can expect to learn a lot of information about Bosnia and Herzegovina. You will read about the country's culture, government, geography, and much much more!

Climate and Temperatures

Bosnia and Herzegovina generally has hot summers and cold winters, but in areas of high elevation, there are cool summers are long, severe winters. The average high temperature is 66°F and the average low temperature is 30°F.

Methods of Travel

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, you can travel by plane, train, bus, car, and helicopter. There are 24 airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but only 7 of them are paved. The airport in Sarajevo is the only international airport. There are 6 heliports, although not many people travel by helicopter. Most travel by boat is limited to shipping, but there is ferry service. Bosnia and Herzegovina is connected to the European rail network, making trains a good source of transportation.


Bosnia and Herzegovina's government is a federal democratic republic, which is a limited type of government. Leadership includes a rotating presidency between the three main political parties which are Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian. Bakir Izetbegovic is the current president. The lawmaking body is called the Parliamentary Assembly. There are a few current issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina. There is conflict with Serbia over sections along the Drina River, and there have been occurrences of illegal drugs many times. There are also many other issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina currently. Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina have similar rights to the Unites States such as the right to vote at age 18. Some other rights that we have in common are women's right to vote, women's right to serve in a political office, and access to a free education. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a member of the United Nations. They have positive relationships with many countries. For example, they receive financial, military, and humanitarian aid from Germany, the United States, Saudi Arabia, and other countries.


Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark is the name of the currency used in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark is equal to 57 cents in the United States. The major exports of Bosnia and Herzegovina are seats, raw aluminum, leather footwear, refined petroleum, and vehicle parts. The GDP per capita is $9,900. I would not consider Bosnia and Herzegovina to be a very wealthy country when compared to the United States because the United States' GDP per capita is more than five times the GDP per capita in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Social and Ethnic Groups

Education is required by law at age 7 and until age 15; homeschooling is illegal. After those 8 years are finished, students can choose whether or not they want to attend secondary school. School that is required by law is free of charge, but parents still have to pay for things like books, transportation to school, and food (there are no cafeterias in schools). According to law men and women should be equal in Bosnia and Herzegovina, unfortunately, people there don't treat women (and children) like they should. The total literacy rate for men and women over 15 years old is 98.5%. This probably means that there are good schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The three major ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. The majority ethnic group is the Bosniaks. There have been some major conflicts between the three ethnic groups in the past. When attempting to free themselves from the former Yugoslavia and avoid Serbian rule, the Bosniaks and Croats voted for independence in 1991. Even though this was recognized internationally, Serbs fought the Bosniaks to declare their rule over the country. The war ended due to the Dayton Agreement, which helped find a peaceful agreement between the three main ethnic groups.

Religion and Language

Like a lot of things in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the languages are split evenly throughout the country. The three official languages are Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. The three major religions are Muslim, Orthodox, and Roman Catholic, but Muslim dominates with 40% of the country.
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Bosnia and Herzegovina's Flag

The above flag is what Bosnia and Herzegovina's flag looks like. The yellow triangle represents the shape of the country and the three points represent the three ethnicities- the Croats, the Serbs, and the Bosniaks. The stars are meant to look continuous (that is why there are half stars at the top and bottom of the chain) and represent Europe. White, blue, and yellow represent neutrality and peace. Bosnia and Herzegovina's flag was created in the year of 1998.