The Scientific Revolution
Carlos G. 2nd
What was the change?
During the Scientific Revolution which was during 1550-1700 many new advances in science began to happen. Many people started to question the ideas and theory's that philosophers had and started to use logical explanations when they thought of a question or if something happened. During this the church was also started to be questioned since they only accepted what the bible said or what the Greek/Roman philosophers believed in. New things were discovered for example the four moons of Jupiter the way that the moon was shaped dark spots on the sun and that the sun and every other planet was revolving around the earth but that the earth and every other planet revolved around the sun. Even medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and science all advanced in the scientific revolution.
How is that change impact society at the time.
This change was a big impact at the time since barely anyone went against the church's teachings and of the thoughts from Greek and Roman philosophers. Those who did usually got executed. During the scientific revolution questions about the world, universe, science, math, medicine started to pop up more and more often. This allowed greater knowledge about many more things. Although there were also many not so great outcomes that came from the scientific revolution since the church wanted their teachings to be true and not false like these astronomers were saying that they were. The church wanted these people to apologize for their acts.
Galileo was a Italian from 1564-1642 astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, physicist, and inventor. Galileo had many contributions to the scientific revolution but was mostly known for his contributions to astronomy. He discovered the four moons of Jupiter, phases of Venus, sun spots, and new stars and established the principles of inertia. Galileo discovered how the moon really looked which was a rocky surface and he drew it. Galileo first used low magnification lenses then he would keep upgrading them he also showed the military about these magnifications which helped with war. Since he kept upgrading the magnification of these telescope lenses he was able to see the surface of the moon and many other objects in space. later on he angered the pope because he published a book that said the Earth revolved around the sun which went against the churches beliefs. He was put on house arrest and admitted that his beliefs were wrong to protect himself from execution.
Born in the late 1600's he was on of the most influential scientist. He mostly impacted mathematics and science since of the theories he had come up with. Something he is most known for are the three laws of motion inertia, acceleration and every action has a same opposing reaction and the law of universal gravitation says that everything with mass attracts another object. Newton also had something to back up his theory known as Newton's orbital cannon which says if you shoot a cannonball at a certain velocity it would go into orbit. Newton's laws created new theories to people and made many curious about gravity since it was a "new" discovery in this time period.
Kepler was born in Weil Der Stadt, Germany from 1571-1630. He was a German astronomer who discovered the three major laws of planetary motion and was mostly known for his work in astrology. The laws stated that the planets move in a elliptical orbit around the sun. The area law says that it there is a line connecting the planet and sun which will sweep out equal areas at equal times. The final law which states that their is a relationship between the orbit of a planet depending on how close or far from the sun for example Mercury orbits around the sun the fastest while Uranus doesn't. Kepler also had many other achievements which were about how works vision and light and he also discovered several new semi-regular polyhedrons.
Copernicus was mathematician and astronomer who had a theory stating that the sun was at the center of the universe and not the Earth. He thought of this idea after looking at Ptolemy's Geocentric Model which shows that the everything revolved around the Earth. His theory sparked controversy because it went against the church's teachings but he was smart and knew what the church would do if they knew he was going against the church's teachings. Before he died he published he work and he did it so late because of his fear for execution by the church. The theory he came up with was known as the Heliocentric Model and changed the way that people looked at the world.
How is that change evidenced in today's modern society?
Many things that have been improved in the scientific revolution have still had a impact on us and has caused us to advance even more. We have advanced in many subjects like science, astronomy, math, and medicine because of this. Many of the discoveries founded at that time has still been here today but modified even more like telescopes and in the earl days they were only able to see a few distant and faint stars but now we able to see other galaxies. In modern society many people haven't realized all the advances we have created were ideas from those who were alive during the scientific revolution.
Copernicus and the Scientific Revolution - Past is Present (2011)