Albinism

Jake Rozema & Jack Carr

Overview

It is when a certain individual is born with the absence of the pigment melanin, which results in absence of hair, skin, or eye color. This disease is recessive trait and it is not very common. It is found in both animals and people 10-12 weeks before pregnancy the mother can have her DNA tested to see the odds of albinism in their child.

Research

According to research medical center's topic of Albinism "20,000 people have encountered this genetic disorder, frankly most frequently scientists have found the trait comes when both parents are not showing the trait them self they receive one recessive allele from 1 parent and 1 recessive allele from the other." Another article from encyclopedia.com/albinism reads, "In the United States, people with this condition can expect to have a normal lifespan. However, one of the greatest health hazards for people with albinism is excessive exposure to sun without protection, which may lead to skin cancer. Wearing opaque clothes and sunscreen with at least an SPF rating of 30, people with albinism can safely work and play outdoors even during the summer.

Symptoms

  • Absence in color of hair, skin, and eyes
  • People may expedience patches of different skin color Albinism is also associated with some vision problems like
  • crossed eyes
  • sensitivity to light
  • rapid eye movements
  • impaired vision or blindness

Tests and Treatments

How Albinism is Treated

  • People often wear sunglasses to protect from UV rays that would harm their skin more than the average person
  • They can have surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eye movements
  • A complete diagnostic work-up for albinism includes a:

  • Comparison of your child's pigmentation to that of other family members

  • Thorough exam of the eyes

  • Description of changes in pigmentation

  • Physical exam

Inheritence

  1. Albinism is an inherited genetic condition. Most forms of albinism are recessive, which means that a child inherits one abnormal gene from each parent. Most children with albinism are born to parents with normal skin.Their bodies aren't able to make a normal amount of melanin, the chemical that is responsible for eye, skin, and hair color. So most people with albinism have very pale skin, hair, and eyes. Albinism can affect people of all races, and there are different kinds of albinism. This is found on X chromosome 15.

Fair Use Statement

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