Chapter 13.8 Decline and Renewal

Some U.S. Inner-city neighborhoods have been gentrified.

Inner-City Challenges

Inner city residents are frequently referred to as a permanent underclass because they are trapped in an unedning cycle of hardships which include inadequate job skills, culture of poverty, crime, drugs, homelessness, lack of services and deteriorating housing .


Gentrification is the process by which middle-class people move into deteriorated inner-city neighborhoods and renovate the housing. Most cities have at least one gentrified inner-city neighborhood.
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