Chapter 13.8 Decline and Renewal
Some U.S. Inner-city neighborhoods have been gentrified.
Inner city residents are frequently referred to as a permanent underclass because they are trapped in an unedning cycle of hardships which include inadequate job skills, culture of poverty, crime, drugs, homelessness, lack of services and deteriorating housing .
Gentrification is the process by which middle-class people move into deteriorated inner-city neighborhoods and renovate the housing. Most cities have at least one gentrified inner-city neighborhood.
Trapped in a hopeless environment , some inner-city residents turn to drugs.
Culture of Poverty
Because of inediquate child care- services, many residents are forced to live in poverty.
Inner-city neighborhoods have a relatively have a high rate of serious crimes such as murder.