Down Syndrome

Makenzie Blume

What is Down Syndrome?

Down syndrome is a structural, genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. It causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.

Life Outlook

A child born with down syndrome will have the condition for the rest of his/her life. However, if the child is worked with in both mental and physical therapy he/she can live a happy, almost normal, life.


A person with down syndrome is at higher risk for congenital heart disease, malignancies (cancerous growths), thyroid disorders, gastrointestinal problems, infertility, and epilepsy.

Testing, Treatment, & Preventions

Testing & Treatment

A screening test is recommended during pregnancy. Screening tests use blood samples and ultrasound measurements to assess the baby's chances of having certain chromosomal problems, including down syndrome. Because there is no cure for down syndrome, treatment varies for the individual child. Intensive therapies are often very helpful to children with down syndrome; treatment usually involves individualized recommendations for behavioral, educational, and medical therapies.


Down syndrome cannot be prevented. If you know your baby will be born with DS there are many things you can do to prepare yourself, and your child, to live a happy life.

Work Cited

Board, A.D.A.M. Editorial. "Down Syndrome." Down Syndrome. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Jan. 0001. Web. 04 Apr. 2013.

"Children's Health." Down Syndrome-Prevention. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

Crosta, Peter. "What Is Down Syndrome? What Causes Down Syndrome?" Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 08 Apr. 2009. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"Down Syndrome." - Treatment & Care. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"Down Syndrome Complications." Down Syndrome Complications. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"KidsHealth." Down Syndrome. KidsHealth, n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2013.

"KidsHealth." Down Syndrome. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"Screening for Down Syndrome." BabyCenter. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.