A Rennaissance Man
- To a priest and unmarried Mother
Training & Patrons
-He trained in Paris under the Bedford Master
- Also learned some techniques during his trip to Rome
- French King Charles VII
- Roman Pope Eugenius IV (c. 1440)
- Etienne Chevalier
- Jouvenel des Ursins
**He mostly painted portraits for them**
His life & Career
- Had Children
- Lived just about his whole life in Tours, France (one trip to Rome c.1440)
- Died in Tours, France c. 1480
- First well-known French Artist
- He was the official painter for the King (Charles VIII)
- Most of his paintings were portraits:
Many of Etienne Chevalier:
*Mary Magdalene at the Feast of Simon
*Martyrdom of Saint James the Elder
*Decent from the Cross
- His style combined parts of Italian painting with characterization, & the detail of Flemish art.
- Also created the earliest clearly identified self-portrait that is a separate painting, not an incidental part of a larger work. (it was a mini self portrait carved with gold into a copper plate about 3" in diameter)
- Illuminated the Marie of Claves Playbook
- Painted frescoes in Notre-Dame-la-Riche
A Renaissance Man
He represented what the Renaissance Era was all about through the isms.
Secularism: Because he was starting to focus not on God, but on the Arts, Architecture and goods. These works were what he was focused on in place of his Religion.
Capitalism: The whole idea of capitalism is that a person tells you what they want, you supply them with that item/service and then you get paid. So if Jean Fouquet was patronized by the King, then they were working with a capitalist system. Getting goods for money.
Ancient History to Caesar and the Deeds of the Roans'
Ancient History to Caesar and the Deeds of the Roans'; Page depicting A Battle Between Romans and Carthaginians at Cannae in 216 BCE
- Created: 1470-1475
- You can go and see it in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France
It's Importance & Significance of the Time
- He used perspective by: placing the soldiers in the front and making them bigger, but also placing a nature scene in the background, and making the natural features smaller.
- The format is what really intrigued me because it was a portrait inside of a manuscript.
- Along with the format, the picture has detail after detail, Fouquet added detail up to the point where you can see every chain link on a soldiers armor.
- To me, this piece is a perfect example of a Renaissance work. It delivers the color palette of the time, and captures the perspective of an actual war scene. The setup is intricate and amusing, it has curves almost like the arches or window panes of the time, and is representative of nature all around.
- This piece is most representative of the "ism" of scientific naturalism because Fouquet displayed nature throughout the painting. Even under the soldiers, Jean had the detail of grass, and green branches. He also added the mountainside up front in the painting.
"Jean Fouquet." International Dictionary of Art and Artists. Gale, 1990. Biography in Context.
Web. 18 Nov. 2013.
"Jean Fouquet." Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1995. Biography in Context. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.
Fouquet, Jean. Ancient History to Caesar and the Deeds of the Romans; page depicting A Battle Between Romans and Carthaginians at Cannae in 216 BCE. 1470. ARTstor Collection, Tours, France.Artstor.org. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.