Conflict in Northern Ireland
By: Kailey, Laura, and Devin
How the Conflict Started
- The Protestant community in Northern Ireland wanted to remain part of the United Kingdom. Although the Catholic community believed they should leave the UK and become part of the Republic of Ireland.
- The Catholic minority in the North suffered from discrimination over housing and jobs.
- The roots of the conflict can be traced back to the 16th and 17th centuries when there were 3 main churches in Ireland, Catholic, Church of Ireland, and Presbyterian. There was always conflict as to which church had salvation and which church God favored.
Major Events in Ireland of Conflict
- 3,400 to 4,000 people were killed in “The Troubles”.
- People who were 29 and under accounted for more than half of the deaths.
- Civilians went through military checks, bomb searches, and urban military combat during the conflict. Military came from other countries and constant war was in their neighborhoods.
- Northern Ireland has a 2 to 5 times higher rate of unemployment compared to the rest of the UK. Catholic unemployment is higher than Protestant unemployment.
- The mental health of the population of Northern Ireland has been affected by “The Troubles”. There is a high level of unhappiness and psychological distress in Northern Ireland. Suicide is an increasing problem among the younger people.