Chad

Culture of Chad

The People

Chad has the population of 9.5 million, and growing at the rate of 3 percent annually. 75 % of the population lives in rural areas like, N'Djamena, located on the western border with Cameroon. About half of the Chadians live further south, one-third in the center, and the rest in the north of the Sahara. Chadians official language is French and classical Arabic. Chads religion is really important to the people. About half of the people are Muslim, 25 % of the people are Christian, and another 25 %is is Animist. Chadians general attitude is usually friendly and generous. Some Chadians avoid personal conflicts and strive to be pleasant in public. Chadians arise from lifestyle by different ethnic groups and religions. Chadians also have a sense of humor which joins with ingenuity to help them get by with few resources Chadians are community oriented, and people are expected to share their incomes with less-fortunate relatives. The social status is gained by wealth and by how much the person shares. Chadians personal appearance is cleanliness which is really important so that they can keep their clothing clean by ironing, and mended. The mothers keep the children clean and when they aren't clean the mother gives them a scolding. Women usually wear a pagne cloth that is ankle length and wraps around a cloth tucked at the side. Men wear wear a boubou which is an ankle length, and a long sleeve robe with baggie pants.

CUSTOMS AND COURTESIES

Proper greetings are essential to Chad people. When the people join a group or visit a home, one shakes hands with all. They usually start with the elders first, then men and finally women. Chadians do not use their left hand when shaking hands, also when one is shaking the elders hand they either kneel or bow. The people of Chad pound their fists by using their hands and clapping outside of someones gate or front door. In school, children usually raise their hands or snap their fingers. When people agree they click their tongue against a palate and thrusts the chin upward. Chadians visit with friends or family regularly. When Chadians go outside they are found sitting under a tree. On Sundays they might expect unannounced visitors. Breakfast is optional and light (usually leftovers from the day before or tea and bread). Lunch I'd the main meal; dinner is at sundown. Woman cook on a three-rock fire or charcoal basket. Eating is not a time for conversation. Some people have tables, but dinners usually sit on mats around a common platter; feet may not point at food.

Lifestyle

A man has as many wives and children as his income, religion and taste allow. children have many chores at home, and girls take care of many younger siblings. Funerals bring relitaves and friends from all over to mourn for at lest four days. women cry but men do not. Dating and marriage many marriage are arranged by families young women marry in their teens men are usually in their twenties. Muslim weddings are lavish events that can last up to four days. Chad's national food is boule, a heavy porridge formed into a ball and dipped in sauce. Another staple food is bouillis a millet and peanut porridge flavoured with lemon and some times sugar. Guavas and mangoes are seasonally plentiful in the south, as are dates in the north. Women earn extra income by brewing and selling millet beer (bili-bili). Recreation women visit teach other to talk, drink, and braid hair. Men have more time to tell stories, drink tea, and play cards and strategy games. People rarely travel for pleasure, only for family or special business. Chads art traditions are varied. Artisans work metal and make cal instruments., papyrus boat, and woven baskets. Chads national holidays include New Year's Day, international women's day, Labor Day, Independence Day, and president day. Commerce Muslim men dominate trade in Chad. Towns and villages have smaller weekly markets, which serve an important social and political, as well as commercial, purpose,women have often pool their money to buy fresh produce (like tomatoes) to dry, process, and later sell off season.

Society

Government in chad is serious criminal cases are heard in civil courts. Local disputes are heard by transitional chiefs, some of whom consult diviners to access a persons guilt. Economy chad is one of the worlds poorest countries. Drought, distance to markets, and political instability have all contributed to a troubled economy. Transportation and communities travel is difficult in chad, which has only 200 miles (322 kilometers) of paved roads and no railroads. Villagers can send Morse code messages from a post office. Education chads education system, based on French model, begins with the first grade at the age if six and can continue to the equivalent of the second year of collage. Classes meet in the morning or the afternoon, six days a week. There are few books the average teacher has 64 or more students. Chadians health are subject to malaria, diarrhoea, measles, meningitis, and ADIS. Funding comes primarily form private donations and grants, but these can do little more than provide medicines.