Nucleic Acids

By: Akhilesh Pillai and Sasha Kiatsuranon

The Monomer of Nucleic Acid

The name of the monomer of nucleic acid is nucleotide. They are also organic molecules composed of a nitrogen base and 5 carbon sugar and at least one phosphate group. They carry energy within the cell.

The Polymer of Nucleic Acid

The polymer that Nucleic Acids make up are DNA and RNA. The Nucleic Acid helps build up the DNA by building macro-molecules with proteins and carbohydrates.

Examples of Nucleic Acids

Here are a few examples of Nucleic Acids:

  • Cloning vector- small piece of DNA that can be taken from another organism and put into another DNA fragment for cloning
  • DNA
  • RNA
  • Nucleic Acid Analogues- compounds which are analogous structure to naturally occurring RNA and DNA used in medicine and molecular biology research

Functional Groups Found in Nucleic Acids

The Nucleic Acid has five carbon sugar or pentose, the base of nitrogen and a phosphate group.

Common Functions of Nucleic Acids

  • Supporting our DNA and RNA
  • Transfer of genetic information
  • Store genetic material

How does its structure allow for its function?

The structure helps because the hexagonal structure can help the acid build long chains and link to other monomers to make one big polymer.