Justice system

Federal court

Courts and their rulings

District courts at the bottom: trials are held

Appeals courts in the middle: review decisions made in district court

Appellate jurisdiction authority to hear a case appealed

Jurisdiction is a courts authority to hear and decide cases

Circuit: court systems in several common law jurisdictions

Authority

Appointed

Us Marshall: make arrests and collect fines, they also protect jurors

Us attorney: prosecutes people who break the law

Magistrate judge: they determine bail or jail

Life terms: judges can serve life terms

Holding of a defendant

Precedent: model for other judges based on judges opinion

Opinion: written by a judge explaining any legal thoughts about the case

Remand: where a defendant is placed with or without bail

Circuit: court systems in several common law jurisdictions