- Plasma/Cell membrane: (Animals) Keeps the pieces inside and is around the cell, takes care of what goes in and what comes out. Its like a bag with a lot of little holes.
- Cell wall: (Plants) Specialized sugars that protect the framework of a plant cell to help it survive.
- Cytoplasm: (Both) Fluid that fills a cell and are suspended into cytosol.
- Nucleus: (Both) Helps control eating, movement and reproduction, big dark spot found somewhere in the cytoplasm.
- Nuclear Membrane: (Both) Surrounds Nucleus and helps keep genetic material and nucleolus together.
- Nucleolus: (Both) Its the inner layer of the nucleus, that protects and holds DNA material.
- Centrioles: (Both) Small set of microtubules that move towards the poles of the nucleus when its time for new cell division.
- Chromatin: (Both) Looks like hair strands that split and build cells according to blue print.
- Ribosomes: (Both) protein builders or synthesizers of the cell that float free in cytosol, they connect amino acid and build a long chain.
Endoplasmic reticulum: (Both) Network of membranes Network of membranes found throughout the cell and connects to nucleus and manufactures and packs systems, works with Golgi apparatus, ribosomes, mRNA, and RNA.
Mitochondria: (Both) Shaped like pill, its the cell power house and makes energy.
Chloroplast: (Plant) Similar shape of mitochondria and it carries out photosynthesis.
Lysosomes: (Both) identical shapes of peroxisomes that breaks down macronutrients.
Peroxisomes: (Animal) Tiny balls on the cell membrane on the outer most layer that stores water.
Vacuole: (Both) Almost pill shaped like a balloon that carries out vital reactions on cell surface.
Cytoskeleton: (Both) Provides important structural framework for cell that determines the shape of the cell.