Cells !

Organelles ;)

Vocabulary!

  • Plasma/Cell membrane: (Animals) Keeps the pieces inside and is around the cell, takes care of what goes in and what comes out. Its like a bag with a lot of little holes.
  • Cell wall: (Plants) Specialized sugars that protect the framework of a plant cell to help it survive.
  • Cytoplasm: (Both) Fluid that fills a cell and are suspended into cytosol.
  • Nucleus: (Both) Helps control eating, movement and reproduction, big dark spot found somewhere in the cytoplasm.
  • Nuclear Membrane: (Both) Surrounds Nucleus and helps keep genetic material and nucleolus together.
  • Nucleolus: (Both) Its the inner layer of the nucleus, that protects and holds DNA material.
  • Centrioles: (Both) Small set of microtubules that move towards the poles of the nucleus when its time for new cell division.
  • Chromatin: (Both) Looks like hair strands that split and build cells according to blue print.
  • Ribosomes: (Both) protein builders or synthesizers of the cell that float free in cytosol, they connect amino acid and build a long chain.
Big image

Plant Cell

This is a plant cell, which as you can see, has a cell wall and a rather LARGE vacuole which contains water for the plant. Inside the cell you can see all of the ribosomes, the lysosomes, chromatin, and the nucleus which is found in both the plant and animal cells.

More Vocabulary!

Golgi Apparatus: (Both) Pockets that store food and energy.

Endoplasmic reticulum: (Both) Network of membranes Network of membranes found throughout the cell and connects to nucleus and manufactures and packs systems, works with Golgi apparatus, ribosomes, mRNA, and RNA.

Mitochondria: (Both) Shaped like pill, its the cell power house and makes energy.

Chloroplast: (Plant) Similar shape of mitochondria and it carries out photosynthesis.

Lysosomes: (Both) identical shapes of peroxisomes that breaks down macronutrients.

Peroxisomes: (Animal) Tiny balls on the cell membrane on the outer most layer that stores water.

Vacuole: (Both) Almost pill shaped like a balloon that carries out vital reactions on cell surface.

Cytoskeleton: (Both) Provides important structural framework for cell that determines the shape of the cell.

Big image

Animal Cell

In this photo, you can see that this does NOT have a cell wall or a large vacuole. Instead it just has a membrane that will keep it in place. You can also see all the parts of this cell, like the centrioles, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and the many other parts of this cell.