Exercise Provision

for Specific Groups and benefits of exercise

Provision of exercise for disabled

a definition of disabled is 'having a physical or mental condition that limits their movements, senses, or activities'. For adults aged 19 to 64 with a disability they should be exercising at least 150 minutes of low-moderate aerobic activity. (http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Disability/Pages/fitness-for-wheelchair-users.aspx 2014) There is loads of activity groups out in the uk that can help, one of them being:


Walker activity dome multi-sport, there are plenty of games to be played for all different types of ability's. This clubs runs on a Tuesday 10:30am till 12pm, it is open to all over the age of 16 and it is only £2.30 per session. At the club there is 3 disabled parking bays and it is based all year except the Christmas holiday. for more information visit Walker Activity Dome, Wharrier street, NE6 3BR or call 07771555978. This is a great club to go too as it has variety in games and can progress you to become a better athlete as well as having fun. going to this club once a week will help towards the weekly recommendations.

Bus route: number 12 from the city centre


Another activity is the North East Bulls. The north east bulls are a wheelchair rugby team so if your up for a challenge this Is a great club, it was formed in 2002 and already are playing in the UK and Europe. This group will be great for fitness as well as learning new skills and getting different experiences. The club is based at Sedgefield community college, Stockton on tees. for more information about this club you can ring Shaun on 07968827064.

provision for young people

young people

The daily recommendations for a young person are At least 60 minutes of physical activity every day, which should range between moderate intensity activity's, such as cycling and playground activities and vigorous intensity activity's, such as fast running and tennis.

On three days a week, these activities should involve muscle strengthening activities, such as push-ups, and bone strengthening activities, such as running.(http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/physical-activity-guidelines-for-young-people.aspx#close 2014)


There are loads of activity's for young people, one of them being:

Tyneside sharks. This club is a junior badminton club and the ages are ranged from 8 - 17, in this club you will get coached on how to play and you will be able to play games and have competitive games against opponents. For ages 8 - 10 it will cost £1.50 per session and for ages 11 - 17 it is £2.00 per session, session run on Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday all at different times and for different age groups. For extra information you can ring Mike Woodward on 01912415385 or you can go to the postcode NE26 2NL. To get to this address you can either drive which will take about 17 minutes or you can get on the metro which will take around 40 minutes.


Another club for young people is The Factory dance academy, this club includes hip hop, street cheer, musical theatre and pop groves. this club is fun and great for fitness and it helps towards your weekly recommendations. The sessions are low cost or free if you have a fusion card, this club is aged between 8-16years. This club is based in different places at different days, on a Monday it is at Scotswood sports centre, Wednesday its at Kenton park sports centre, Friday its at Cowgate neighbourhood centre and Centre for sport and on at Saturday the club is at Newburn activity centre. For me to get to the Kenton park sports centre it will take me 45 minutes on the metro or if you have a car it will take 19 minutes.

Older Adults

Older adults aged 65 or older, who are generally fit and have no health conditions that limit their mobility, should try to be active daily and should do At least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate intensity aerobic activity such as cycling or fast walking every week, and muscle strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms). (http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/physical-activity-guidelines-for-older-adults.aspx)


for older adults there are many groups to help them, one of them:

On Yer Bike, this club is for social cycling. The session is £5 and that includes your bike and helmet hire, the session is every Friday 10:30 till 12:00. To join in on this club you must have prior booking, The club is held at Newburn Activity Centre, Grange road, NE15 8ND. for any more information about this club you can ring 01912640014. To get to this club it will take about 25 minutes in the car or you can get the Metro but this will take around an hour.


Another activity for older adults is Rookie Golf. Rookie Golf is designed for older people the balls and the target are all Velcro and they have special designed clubs for the older adults. To use this equipment you have to book a session with them. This is good for the older adults because they don't have to go anywhere the club comes to them. To book a session you can either go to suite 4, John Buddle Work Village, Newcastle, NE4 8AW or you can ring up on 01912267356

Exercise Referral

The exercise referral programme happens through the NHS. The NHS will find out your condition you have(this can be anyone in the NHS for example nurse, doctor and therapist), if you have just had an operation (pulmonary disease or heart disease) then you will be transferred to a rehab programme. If your in due to your mental health you will then get a consultation, during the process you will be going through the PAR-Q, questionnaire, you will agree targets you want to meet and you will have to give them your consent. Once you have started your programme you will get assessed on half way through(around 5/6 weeks) then your next check will be at the end of the programme with is at 12 weeks, if you have been making progress then you will be signed off the programme, if you haven't been making progress you will be staying on the programme for longer. This programme through the NHS is free of charge.
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Benefits Of Exercise

Obesity

Obesity is a term used for someone who is over weight and has a lot of body fat. Obesity can be a massive problem to some people, with obesity comes a lot of health problems such as CHD, stroke etc. The physiological are improved circulation is is important for the blood flow in the body and with obesity it struggles to do that as the fat in your body is getting in the way. Over coming obesity can also help your posture this is because when you are over weight your body has a lot of stress and you cant hold it all up so you have a bad posture. A good thing about over coming obesity is your own self-confidence, you will have the confidence to try new things. Losing weight can also help with increased energy this is because you wont be using as much energy walking around with a average body weight compared to walking while over weight.


There are loads of benefits of exercise on obesity some of these being:

- Improved body image,

- reduced risk of CHD,

- cancer, diabetes.

- improves body composition,


The psychological factors of obesity are reduction in depression this can happen through exercise as they will gain confidence with themselves. This will help depression because the people will b able to do stuff they haven't been able to before. With exercise your self confidence will be improved this is because you will feel better about yourself and you will go out and try new exercises.

Osteoporosis

osteoporosis is the loss of calcium and minerals from someone's bones, this makes the bones more fragile to fractures. You mostly see this problem in old people or even woman because of the changes in there hormones. When a person reaches 45 they start to lose bone density, this amount can be big or small. According to the national osteoporosis foundation the best exercises are:

- Dancing, jogging, cycling 30 minutes per day

- Muscle strengthening, weight lifting two or three times a week

There are loads of benefits of exercise some of these are:

- Reduction of bone loss

- Improved fitness

- Improved muscle strength

- Better balance coordination

The signs and symptoms are:

- Reduction in height

- Poor posture

- Easily occurring bone fracture

Arthritis

There are two most common types of arthritis and these are; osteoarthritis and rheumatoid. In the uk there is around 10 million people with arthritis and this normally develops around the age of 40 - 50. The signs and symptoms are:

- Joint pain

- Inflammation around affected joint

- Restricted movement in joints

- Warm and red skin around the joint

The benefits of exercise are:

- Improved joint mobility and strength

- Eases pain in joint and helps posture

- Helps maintain body weight

The physiological changes with arthritis are the cartilage lining of joints becomes thinner, the bones at the joints rub together this is because the cartilage is too thin, changes in joint changes and cartilage and bone breakdown.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine. The symptoms of diabetes are:

  • - passing urine more often than usual, especially at night.
  • - increased thirst.
  • - extreme tiredness.
  • - unexplained weight loss.
  • - genital itching or regular episodes of thrush.
  • - slow healing of cuts and wounds.
  • - blurred vision.
  • In Type 1 diabetes, according to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas, which results in little or no production of insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas can produce insulin. The body, however, becomes insulin resistant, which means the insulin cannot be used properly by the body. After a few years, the insulin production decreases. Gestational diabetes is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or not enough insulin being produced in an expectant mother.