Civics Module 7 Lesson 2 Mastery Assignment

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Words + Definitions


  • plaintiff: the one who starts a case or lawsuit
  • defendant: the accused in a trial or lawsuit


  • complaint: the formal argument a plaintiff makes against a defendant
  • summons: a call to court
  • pleadings: a defendant's response to charges
  • mediation: the settlement of a dispute
  • arbitration: an alternative settlement of a dispute
  • preponderance of evidence: the amount of evidence in a trial
  • verdict: the results of a trial
  • appeal: asking a higher level court to review a previous court decision


  • pretrial conference: a meeting of involved parties and attorneys prior to a trial
  • trial: a formal criminal proceedings