Types of Government

Phelan Hostetler

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Why so many different types of government?

The reasoning for so many types of government is because each country has different beliefs and runs their country differently. The goal is to have a type of government to meet what each country wants or needs. Many of the different types of governments are listed below and tells how they work and what they are used for. There are also examples listed.

Democracy

Everyone has an equal say; they have a voice. Democracy revolves around people voting and speaking up for themselves. People can usually get elected to lead the country. In the U.S, for example, each state gets a curtain amount of elect representatives depending on the size of the state.

  • Albania

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Republic

People select others to represent them or speak for them and make decisions. The citizens must trust this person and have faith that he/she will make the right decisions, otherwise people with not vote for him or her. The candidates put lots of money into building ads, commercials, and many other ways to get their information out to the public. Some citizens put lots of effort into researching to find who they want to vote for and some people do not even vote. In the U.S, you must be at least 18 years of age to be able to vote and you also must be a U.S. citizen. This can also be called an indirect government. Obama is the president of the U.S.


  • U.S.
  • Brazil
  • Venezuela
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Totalitarion

One party has complete control. Only one group of people control the whole country. They work together to make all of the decisions, no matter what the other group thinks. This type of government started in Europe.
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Dictatorship

There is one leader, everyone follows him/her and listens to him/her. The leader can take anything that they might want from their people. This leader lives in richness while most of his/her people live in fear of their leader. Hitler was the leader of Germany which has a dictatorship government.
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Theocracy

The government is controlled and based off of the religion of the controlling group. A priest rules in the name of God or a god. Decisions could be made off of what the bible says or any other religious group.
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Monarchy

Rule and decision making is made by one person. This person is born into royalty and will usually have the responsibility of running his country for the rest of his life. This is a huge responsibility because any problems could end up falling on just this one person. These people are kings and queens. Queen Elizabeth is the queen of The United Kingdom which has a monarchy government.


  • Canada
  • Qatar
  • Swaziland
  • Oman
  • United Kingdom
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FLVS Civics: Going Global - Forms of Government