Diabetes

Vocab

Diabetes: A metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.

Insulin: A hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of insulin causes a form of diabetes.

Glucose: A simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.

Two Types

Type 1 and 2

Type 1: A form of diabetes that usually develops during childhood or adolescence and is characterized by a severe deficiency of insulin secretion from the pancreas.

Type 2: A from of diabetes that developes especially in obese adults that results in impaired insulin utilization and the bodys inablilty to compensate with the increased insulin production.

Prevention

Type 1 diabetes can't be prevented currently, but doctors are working on it.


Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by everyone. Many people are diagnosed with prediabetes and are on their way to type 2 diabetes. It's not to late for them. all they need is to change their diet and become more active. The best way to prevent type 2 is by losing a couple of pounds through a better diet and more exercise. If you're at high risk for diabetes then your doctor may recommend to go on medication. The drug metformin can reduce an obese person's risk of type diabetes by 31%.

Big image

Treatment

Type 1- Everyone with type 1 diabetes has the same treatment process but everyone's plan is different and depends on the persons diet. Someone with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every time they eat in order to keep their glucose levels in range. Eat a healthy, balanced diet in order to stick to a diabetic meal plan. Check their blood sugar levels several times a day. And get regular physical activity.

Treatment

Type 2- Currently there is no cure for type 2 diabetes but you can manage the condition. Eating well and exercising to maintain a healthy weight will help manage type 2 diabetes. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar, you may need diabetes medication or insulin therapy.
Big image
Big image

Problems that arise

Diabetes can eventually lead to many more complications long term such as cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure. Many other complications or problems may arise such as nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, foot damage, skin and mouth conditions, and pregnancy conditions.
Big image

Medical Breakthroughs

1. Recent medical studies show proof of an insulin pill made possible. These pills will allow diabetics to get the insulin they need without having to prick their fingers several times a day. These pills didn't work in the past because the insulin was destroyed by enzymes in the digestive system. This will help patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes

2. Researches have discovered a hormone called betatrophin that produces insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells at 30 times the normal rate. These beta cells only produce insulin when the body calls for it potentially allowing for natural regulation of insulin and a great reduction of complications. This possible treatment only works for type 2 diabetes.