History of Old Hickory

America's 7th President

The Jacksonian Democracy

The Jacksonian Democracy expanded voting rights in the U.S. in 1832. Previously, only white land-owning males could vote. In the presidential election of 1832 suffrage was given to all white men, whether they owned land or not. This helped Andrew Jackson enormously because he was supported by common men, who could now vote for him.

The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears is the name of the long, hard journey many Native Americans, particularly the Cherokee tribe, had to make from Georgia to Oklahoma, Kansas, and Arkansas. The Cherokees were forced off their land by the U.S. Army because of the Indian Removal Act, which was signed by Andrew Jackson. This event is called the Trail of Tears because so many Indians died from disease, cold, and hunger along the way. It was a terrible time for the Cherokees because they were being forcibly removed from their homelands where they had lived for 4,000 years.
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The Nullification Crisis

In 1828 and 1832, two tariffs were passed that really hurt the economy of the South. South Carolina decided that it would nullify the tariffs in that state and secede from the U.S. if the government tried to stop them. In response, the government passed the Force Bill to make South Carolina pay, and also allowed the president to send the Army to South Carolina. When the Army got involved, South Carolina backed off and agrees to pay the tariff once it was lowered.

A Positive Letter to the Editor: From a Factory Worker

Dear Editor,

You've done some great work on this poster! A fine job portraying America's finest president. The Jacksonian Democracy was the best party we've seen yet. It really left me and the boys here at the factory in a buzz, since we could finally vote! And how President Jackson took care of those Indians, boy that was noble. He really showed them and Georgia who was boss. And South Carolina, too! All this Nullification monkey business was rightfully dealt a swift blow. If one state has to follow the laws, then all of them do. Andrew Jackson is obviously the right man for the job.

A Negative Letter to the Editor: From a Cherokee

Dear Editor,

You should feel ashamed of your work. Making Andrew Jackson look like a hero for his deeds is a complete lie. He forced my people from our land where we'd lived for thousands of years wrongly and illegally, without sorrow or remorse. The many tears shed along the Trail of Tears mean nothing to him. President Jackson uses his power far too much. He almost had his Vice President hanged for disagreeing with him, and sent the entire U.S. Army to South Carolina to make the people there pay taxes. He wouldn't even have become president if suffrage hadn't been expanded under the Jacksonian Democracy. It seems wrong that such a wealthy man should have so much support from common people. He may as well have done something illegal to obtain that support, too.

Yours, Joseph Price

Political Cartoon

The political cartoon shows Andrew Jackson portrayed as a king. He used his presidential power a lot, similarly to a king, which is why he is shown in royal clothing with a scepter, crown, and cape. He also is holding the veto, which he used often. Andrew Jackson didn't really care for the rules in the Constitution, so to show this disrespect, the cartoonist drew "King Andrew" stepping on the Constitution.