Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)

Genetic/Body Condition Project

What is Diabetes? What is type 1 Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease where a person's pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, however, is most commonly diagnosed before the age of 30. The pancreas produces little or no insulin, and the body's immune system destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. A person must inject insulin multiple times throughout the day or use an insulin pump.

How does Type 1 Diabetes affect daily life?

People with type 1 diabetes need to check their blood sugar levels several times a day, usually before and after meals. They need to eat a balanced diet, exercise, and take the medication as proscribed by their physician.

Signs and symptoms of diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms occur quickly and may include:

  • Increase thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Bedwetting in children
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Irritabilitly and other mood changes
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision

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What are some long-term complications of poorly controlled type 1 diabetes?

  • Neuropathy (nerve damage): causes numbness, burning, and pain to the tips of your fingers and toes.
  • Nephropathy (Kindey damage)
  • Retinopathy(Eye damage): Damages the blood vessels in your retina.
  • Foot damage: poor blood flow to your feet
  • Skin and mouth conditions
  • Pregnancy complications: for both mother and baby

Is there a cure for type 1 diabetes?

As of today, there is no known cure for type 1 diabetes. However, there are many very effective treatments which helps allow a person with diabetes to live a long and healthy life. The scientists have yet to find a cure. If I were a scientist, I'd try to come up with a medication that pregnant mothers could take during their pragnancy to strengthen the baby's immune system, specifcally the pancreas.

Other Interesting facts about type 1 diabetes?

  • 29.1 million people in the United States have type 1 diabetes.
  • 8.1 million people in the Unites States are undiagnosed.
  • only 5% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
  • The cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2012 was 245 Billion dollars.
  • The average person with diabetes spends about 3,000 dollars per year to control it.
Living with Diabetes: Molly