Lebanon

by Charlotte Tran

Location

Lebanon is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres. It is also on the western end of Asia. Lebanon borders Syria on its northern and eastern border. South of Lebanon is Israel. To the west is the Mediterranean Sea. The capital city is Beirut, which is located at (33°N, 36°E). This impacts the people because Lebanon is a major import and export center, so it's easier for them to trade. Located between Syria and Israel, two countries who are at war, it is dangerous for the people at Lebanon because they are close to a war zone. When you're close to a war zone, you can be injured or killed.

Place

Government

Lebanon's government is a Republic ruled by the National Assembly (NA). The NA makes the countries laws and 128 members are elected every four years by the people. All members must have an education. The NA elects a president and the president appoints a prime minister. This is fair to the people because they get to elect who will represent them. Since 1991, the NA has been an equal amount of Christians and Muslims. Because of this, it stops war between Christians and Muslims.


Economy

Lebanon is an open economy and is based on competition and private ownership. The economy is mainly made up of services and banking sectors. Agriculture and industrial sectors isn't a big part of the economy. Trade and finance are chief sources of Lebanon's income. People can sell whatever they want. They aren't as restricted in coming up with ideas and don't need the governments approval. It is easy to start a business in Lebanon.

Man Made Landmarks

Human Environment Interaction

Natural Resources

Lebanon's resources include iron, ore, lignite, lime, and high quality sand. A few jobs are agriculture, trade, and finance. Lebanon has no natural resources. The Litani River provides hydroelectricity.


Environment

The physical environment has a mountainous terrain and is coastal on the west. The people have built buildings on the coast. Because the terrain is mountainous there isn't a lot of farming. So instead of farming the people work in the service industry.


Jobs

The people of Lebanon have jobs that include manufacturing, banking, and farming. Manufacturing products include jewelry, processed foods, and textiles. Farmers raise fruits, almonds, potatoes, cattle and chickens. The semi even land elevation makes it harder for the farmers to grow crops.

Movements

Communication

The people of Lebanon communicate through phones, radio waves, Internet, newspaper, and television.


Transportation

Buses, ferries, cars,and taxis are used for transportation. Goods get transported by train and planes. The location of Lebanon allows easy transportation by boat. Lebanon trades cement, chemicals, food products, jewelry, and textiles.


The location of Lebanon allows easy movement by water because the country borders the water. The terrain is mountainous and the roads have been damaged by war so it's hard for people to travel by road.

Region


Landforms

Some landforms in Lebanon include the Latani River, the Nahr River, and Orentes River, the Lebanon mountains, and the Bekka Valley.


Biomes

Lebanon has a biome of Mediterranean hard wood forest and scrub.


Large Cities

Some of the largest in Lebanon include Beirut (on the coast), Tripoli (in the north), and Sidon (in the south)


Culture

The people at Lebanon enjoy pita bread, hummus, and salted yogurt. The traditional clothing is a sherwal. Almost all people speak Arabic, the country's official language. About 90% of the people are Arabs. The religion is a mainly Islam with a small population of Christianity and Greek Orthodox. 18 religions are recognized in Lebanon.

During Ramadan, the Muslim month of fasting, the people eat soup, fatteh, and karibooj. During Lent, Christians don't eat meat and on Halloween, the people eat a variety of wheat-based dishes. Eating in Lebanon is not done alone, but with family. The restaurants of Lebanon include a pleasant view.


Men in Lebanon are more favored than women. While the men work, the women stay at home. Women are allowed to vote, work and attend school, but their jobs are more traditional like teachers and secretaries.


Almost all of Lebanon who live in large cities wear European style clothes. Most Muslims wear a chador, which is the traditional veil women wear. In the countryside, men and woman wear traditional clothes which are colorful skirts and baggy trousers.

Lebanese Traditional Dance
Lebanese Traditional Dance 6-7-2011

Research Question

How is the educational system in Lebanon?


Lebanese law does not require children to go to school, but their parents force them to go to school. About half of the school children go to private schools. The other half goes to public schools. They start at the age of six and graduate when they complete secondary school, which is at the age of eighteen. After they finish secondary school, they may go to a university or a vocational school. Most of the universities are located in the Beirut area. The government poorly equips public school buildings. Private school buildings are better equipped.

Bibliography

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Mohammad Al Amin Mosque el-Ameen, Monument beirut islam, November 13, 2014


Beirut, renovated Grand Serail, Ottoman Empire, end First World War, monument, Rafic Hariri, November 12, 2014


Lebanon landforms, geography, November 13, 2014


Lebanon, Natural Resources Fanack, November 13, 2014


"Water and Vegetation," Oxford Atlas of the World, Eighteenth Edition Print.