By: Matt Rockefeller, Taylor Bishop, and Anderson Kim
Imperialism - a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Protectorate - a state that is controlled and protected by another.
Indirect rule - a system of government of one nation by another in which the governed people retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers.
Direct rule - a system of government in which a province is controlled by a central government.
France: the British advance into Burma was watched nervously byFrance , which had some missionaries operating in Vietnam. The French missionaries were persecuted by the local authorities, who viewed Christianity as a threat to Confucian doctrine. However, Vietnamese failed to stop the Christian missionaries. Vietnamese internal rivalries divided the country into two separate governments, in the north and the south.
France was especially alarmed by British attempts to monopolize trade. To stop any British
move into Vietnam, the French government decided in 1857 to force the Vietnamese to accept French protection.
The French eventually succeeded In the making the Vietnamese ruler give up territories in the Mekong river delta. The French occupied the city of Saigon and, during the next 30 years, extended their control over the rest of the country. In 1884, France seized the city of Hanoi and later made the Vietnamese empire French protectorate a political unit that depends on another government for its protection. In the 1880s France extended its control over neighboring Cambodia, annam, Tonkin, and Laos. A new union of French Indochina.
Thailand-the exception- after the french conquest of Indochina, Thailand(then called Siam) was the only remaining free state in Southeast Asia. During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, British and French rivalry threatened to place Thailand, too, under colonial rule.
Two remarkable rulers were able to prevent that from happening. One was king mongkut(known to theater goers as the king In "the king and I") and the other was his son king chulalongkorn. Both promoted western learning and maintained friendly relations with the major European powers. In 1896, Britain and France agreed to maintain Thailand as an independent buffer state between their possessions in Southeast Asia.
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