Amorphophallus titanum

By: Ethan Richardson

Importance of the Titan Arum

This flower gives off a fowl odor the attracts insects that usually eat manure, rotten food, and other disgusting substances, this helps the flower get pollinated by the insects that fly by.
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Annual or Perennial?

My Flower would be a perennial because it can take several year for it to bloom and it only stay in bloom for up to 48 hours!
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Location Found

Titan Arum is a flower that is actually grown in botanical labs/gardens throughout the world and can be found on the island Sumatra,Indonesia.
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Vascular or not?

My excellent flower is a vascular plant because it posses xylem and phloem.
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Monocot or Dicot?

My flower is Monocot because it's vein are parallel, it has three flower parts, and it is seed has one cotyledon.
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Woody or herbaceous stem structure?

This flower would have a herbaceous stem because it is not a branch,tree, or a shrub.
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Titan Arum Root System

Fibrous root system – unlike taproot root system, fibrous exhibits many branched roots. Root hairs not only increase the surface area of the roots but also operate to absorb nutrients and water out of the soil.
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Titan Arum Leaf Structure

The leaves of a Titan Arum are made up of even tinier flowers that have no pedals, and is also green on the inside and red on the outside.
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Reproduction

Since this is complicated to explain, I'll just give you a quote from a website"The titan arums large leaves and flowers are produced from a tuber that lies under the rain forest soil. This tuber acts as a food storage organ and weighs up to 75 kg. Each year the leaf dies and then a new one develops. The inflorescence begins to emerge at a rate of 10 cm a day. After the spathe unfurls, the female flowers are able to begin pollination. The spadix heats up giving off a foul, fishy stench. Some say that this smell helps to attract carrion beetles or sweat bees from far away; once inside, they are trapped. The next day, male flowers release their pollen. The appendix of the spadix begins to wither, allowing the insects to escape, brushing through the pollen on their way out of the plant.The insects can now pollinate. After flowering, the enormous spathe petal collapses and twists around the base of the spadix. This protects the developing fruit inside. As the fruits ripen, the spathe rots away and leaves bright red cherry-like berries in the open to be eaten. Despite the necessity of reproduction, the titan arum does not flower every year, more like every three to five, with flowers lasting only a few days. This only allows a short period of time for pollination and reproduction, so the titan arum is under a lot of pressure with very little time."