Food Borne Illness Project

By: Monét Brown

Salmonella

Facts:


  • There are two main types of Salmonella.
  • Most reptiles and amphibians carry Salmonella.
  • This disease is zoonotic, which means it can pass from animal to person.
  • Salmonella can pass from person to person.
  • People Salmonella can have mild to no symptoms at all.


Cause:

Salmonella lives in animals digestive tract and is in animal feces.


Food Sources:

  • Eggs
  • Meat
  • Poultry
  • Some Fruits and Vegetables


Symptoms:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Abdominal Cramps


Prevention:

  • Cook poultry, ground beef and eggs thoroughly.
  • Wash hands after dealing with raw meats and reptiles.

Campylobacter

Facts:

  • Less than 500 Campylobacter bacteria are needed to make you sick.
  • Campylobacter are spiral in shape.
  • Chickens are often hosts for the bacteria, but display no symptoms.
  • It usually takes 2-5 days from consumption of contaminated chicken before illness occurs.
  • Someone with Campylobacter can recover rapidly without treatment.


Cause:

Improper or incomplete food preparation is the most common way the disease is spread. Untreated water and raw milk are also potential sources.


Symptoms:

  • Mild Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle Aches
  • Dehydration
  • Rarely Death


Food Sources:

  • Under cooked Poultry
  • Unpasteurized milk


Prevention:

  • Wash Hands
  • Proper preparation of foods

E-coli

Fact:



  • Most E. coli is harmless.



Cause:

By coming in contact with, feces or stools, of animals or humans.


Food Sources:


  • Under cooked Ground Beef
  • Unpasteurized milk
  • Contaminated water



Symptoms:


  • Stomach Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and Vomiting



Prevention:


  • Avoid cross contamination

Norovirus

Fact:

Norovirus is highly contagious.


Cause:

By coming in contact with an infected person, from contaminated water, or by touching contaminated surfaces.


Food Sources:

  • Ready to eat foods
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables


Symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal Pain or Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Low-grade fever
  • Malaise
  • Muscle pain


Prevention:

  • Wash hands
  • Wash Fruits and Vegetables
  • Cook Seafood thoroughly
  • Clean and disinfect contaminated areas

Clostridium Perfringens

Fact:

Grows in low oxygen places and room temperature.


Cause:

Found in environmental sources as well as human and animal intestines.


Food Sources:

  • Raw meats
  • Poultry


Symptoms:

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Stomach Cramps
  • Diarrhea


Prevention:

  • Cook foods thoroughly

Citations

"5 FACTS ABOUT SALMONELLA." BioCote. BioCite, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.

"CAMPYLOBACTER: 5 FACTS YOU MAY NOT KNOW." 5 Facts You May Not Know About Campylobacter. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2015.

"Clostridium Perfringens." Clostridium Perfringens. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2015.

"Clostridium Perfringens." Food Poisoning. MarlerClark, n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2015.

"E. Coli Bacteria Infection Symptoms, Causes, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2015.

"E. Coli Infection Symptoms - WebMD: Cramps, Diarrhea, Nausea, & More." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2015.

"Food Safety." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., n.d. Web.

Kaminstein, David. "Campylobacteriosis." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2006. Web. 24 Sept. 2015.

"Norovirus Infection." Symptoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2015.

"Overview." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 26 July 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2015.

"Prevention." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 09 Mar. 2015. Web. 24 Sept. 2015.