Escherichia Coli

Bailey Green

Definition

E. Coli (or Escherichia Coli) is a type of bacteria and isn't usually harmful or if it is it causes brief diarrhea. Some extreme cases cause severe abdominal cramping, bloody diarrhea and vomiting.Sometimes Escherichia Coli causes pneumonia. Typically, young children and older adults have a higher risk of getting infected. E. Coli effects the digestive system and the lungs.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Escherichia Coli are diarrhea; either wet and mild or severe and BLOODY, abdominal pain, tenderness, cramping, nausea, and vomiting. Other symptoms include gas, loss of appetite, bruises that happen easily, pale skin, red or bloody urine, and reduced amounts of urine.

Causes

One of the causes of E. Coli is contaminated food and water. Another cause is ground beef. More causes are not pasteurized milk, fresh produce, and personal contact with an infected person.

Complications

With E. Coli most healthy adults recover in a week of getting infected. Also, research shows that young kids and older adults can develop a form of kidney failure that can kill them.

Risk Factors

The risk factors of E. Coli are age, weakened immune systems, eating certain foods, time of the year, and decreased stomach acid levels.

Treatments and Drugs

One way to get better from E. Coli is to rest and drink fluids that help prevent dehydration and fatigue.

Prevention

There are many ways to prevent getting E. Coli including cooking hamburgers until they are 160 degrees, drink pasteurized milk, cider, and juice, wash raw produce thoroughly, wash utensils, keep raw foods separate, and most importantly WASH YOUR HANDS.

Pump It Up! Keeping the Public Safe

Irradiation of Food


Irradiation of food is a new food technology. It can eliminate disease-causing germs. It also stops things like pasteurization of milk, pressure cooking of canned foods, treating foods with ionizing radiation and parasites. When you irradiate food it doesn't become radioactive, dangerous substances don't appear in food, and the nutritional value of food is essentially unchanged.


Stop the Spread!


In order to stop the spread you need to practice proper hygiene, know your risk of food poisoning, avoid consuming raw foods, and prevent cross contamination. Also Avoid swallowing water while swimming and cook meats thoroughly. If you have E. Coli please contact your healthcare provider.


Stop the Spread 2!


Also avoid eating high risk foods and use a food thermometer when cooking.


Sources of E. Coli!


Escherichia Coli can come from feces of infected people, animals and their environment, and contaminated food and water.


Public Safety Department


If there is an outbreak the county reports it to the state department. While E. Coli is a common disease, all serious infections are reported to the health department. However most food borne illnesses go unreported and not diagnosed.

Citations

Works Cited

"E. Coli Enteritis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.

"E. Coli." Food Safety. Food Safety. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

"E. Coli Infection and Food Safety." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 May 2014. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

"E. Coli." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 01 Aug. 2014. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.

E Coli Virus. Digital image. Altered States. Altered States. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Irradiation of Food." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 19 Nov. 2009. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

Lobo. Various Foods. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 1 Dec. 1988. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Public Safety Department." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 23 Sept. 2014. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.