How to Improve Memory

Strategies to Improve Memory

  • Attending
  • Organization
  • Sound and Symbol Correspondences
  • Repetition

Attending

When reading something or listening to someone, it is good to paraphrase, repeat, or write down what you are reading or what they are saying. This helps make neural connections and therefore, help you remember. When learning new information, it is also helpful if you focus and understand the information. This too, will help your memory on the topic.

  • One example is taking notes in a lecture class. It is a good idea to paraphrase and write down what the professor says in order to remember it
  • Another example, if you are reading a story, it is good pull out important points from the text. It helps your brain make connections and generate memories about the novel

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Organization

When learning new information, it is important to organize it. This helps improve your brain's memory by setting up a structure of thoughts and ideas. Sometimes this can trigger connections between old and new information. Linking the two together helps when remembering the new information.


  • An example of organization is relating the material to yourself. This is almost like linking. Because you're connecting the information personally, to your goals, experiences, or life, it becomes more meaningful
  • A second example includes grouping. The grouping strategy helps organize material with similar concepts or ideas into groups. Seeing similar words next to each other trigger something in the brain to memorize the words and their similarities.

Sound and Symbol

This strategy uses pictures or sounds, that we associate with certain words, to trigger other thoughts, ideas, or memories. When words are combined into funny phrases or weird ideas, the connection becomes stronger. Sounds are similar; they use the mnemonic techniques to remember information.


  • An example includes using phrases to remember a series of numbers. For instance, if you come up with a sentence and every word has a certain number of letters, you use those numbers to memorize a phone number
  • Another example is to create a short song. There are many examples, a few include: a song for all fifty states, a song for the twelve months, even a song for the alphabet

Repetition


Repetition creates a pattern, which grabs your attention at first and then creates a familiar feeling. New information is part of our short term memory, and once it is repeated enough, it becomes part of our long term memory


  • Spaced repetition is an example that uses intervals of time between the previous learned information in order. An example is studying with flashcards
  • When learning new information like vocabulary words, repetition is important because it moves the temporary new memories into long term memories. Therefore, repeating vocabulary words over and over again help them sink in to your long term memory
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Works Cited

Works Cited

"How To...improve Your Memory." How To...improve Your Memory. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct.

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"IMPROVING MEMORY." Improving Memory Memorization Techniques. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.


"Memory Strategies for Students: The Value of Strategies." Memory Strategies for Students: The Value of Strategies. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.


"Using Mnemonics to Improve Your Memory." - Memory Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.


Zierdt-Warshaw, Linda, and Gail Murphy. Sonbuchner. Memory Strategies. Rochelle Park, NJ:Peoples Pub. Group, 1991. Web.


"10 Ways to Improve Your Memory." Psychology Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.