Architectural Technology

Jessica Kelly

Defintitions

Arch: A curved symmetrical structure spanning an opening and typically supporting the weight of a bridge, roof or wall above it

Chair Rail: Molding on a wall around a room to protect the wall from being damaged by the backs of chairs

Column Capital: Mediates between the column and the load, brooding columns supporting surface

Dormer: A window that projects vertically from a sloping roof.

Fanlight: A small semicircular or rectangle window over a door or another window

Fluting: A groove or set of grooves forming a surface decoration

Masonry: Stonework

Parapet: A low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, balcony

Pilaster: A rectangular column, one projecting from a wall

Portico: A structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch

Roof: Structure forming the upper covering of a building or vehicle

Stucco: Fine plaster used for coating wall surfaces or molding into architectural decorations.

Wainscot: Area of wooden paneling on lower parts of the walls of a room.

Brackets: A support projecting from a wall or the smoke and carry off.

Chimney: Vertical structure containing a passage of smoke and carry off.

Corbel: A projection jutting out from a wall support a structure above it.

Eaves: Part of a roof meets or overhangs the walls of a building

Finial: Ornament at the top, end or corner of an object

Friez: Broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, on wall near ceiling

Molding: Ornamentally shaped outline as an architectural feature

Pediment: Triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style

Pillar: Tall vertical structure, stone, wood or metal, support a building

Quoins: External angle of a wall or building

Sill: Shelf at the foot of a window or doorway

Tower: Tall narrow building either freestanding or part of building

Butress: A projecting support of stone or brick built against a wall

Column: Upright pillar supporting a structure

Cupola: Small dome adoring a roof or ceiling

Façade: The face of a building, exterior

Floor Plan: Scale diagram of rooms in one story of a building

Lintel: Horizontal support of timber, stone, concrete across the top of a door or window

Mullions: Vertical Bar between the panes of glass in a window

Pendant: Hanging downward

Rafters: One of several beams extending from the waves to the park of a roof and constitution its framework

Stoop: Bend one’s head or body forward and downward

Transom Light: Flat Surface forming the stern of a vessel

Pictures In order

Arch, Chair Rail, Column Capital, Dormer, Fanlight, Fluting, Masonry, Parapet, Pilaster, Portico, Roof, Stucco, Wainscott, Brackets, Chimney, Eaves, Finial, Frieze, Molding, Pediment, Pillar Quoins, Sill, Tower, Butress, Column, Cupola, Facade, Floor Plan, Lintel, Mullions, Pendant, Porch, Rafters, Stoop, Transom Light
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Transom Light