Auschwitz Concentration Camp

The details on the Auschwitz Concentration Camp

The story leading up to Auschwitz

On September 15,1945 Germany passed the Nuremberg Law declaring that all Jews were second class. Hitler aimed to acquire Lebensraum, meaning "living space". Also he wanted to create a "racially pure" Empire by clearing Germany of all races except for Aryans. Hitler targeted all "sub-human" races: Jews, Slavs, and other impure/inferior races.


In May of 1940, the first Auschwitz Concentration Camp was established. Auschwitz I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners who began to arrive in the first month it was established.

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Inside of Auschwitz

From early 1942 to late 1944 trains brought Jews from all over Germany-occupied Europe where they were killed by pesticides. At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz, around 90% of them were Jewish. The racio of Jews that died at the Auschwitz camp was 1 in 6.


Others that had been taken to Auschwitz was 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Romani and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, 400 Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, and many, many other people with different nationalities.


Living through Auschwitz was near impossible. Many that didn't die in the gas chambers died because of starvation, forced labors, individual executions, or infectious diseases.

Victims from Auschwitz

Ivor Perl(above)

Ivor Perl is a survivor of the Auschwitz concentration camp. It is estimated that only 200,000 people that went through Auschwitz camp survived. Ivor was only 13 years old when he was in the concentration camp. At 81, Ivor recalls: 'The camp was in the middle of the forest, and a fence ran through the trees. I was praying to God “help me, if you let me get out of this place, I shall not ask anything else of you in my life.”'

Max Garcia(above)

At the age of 16, Max was put on a train to Auschwitz. He survived the horrible conditions that he had to go through during the war and his time in the concentration camp. He recalls the trip to Auschwitz:'...the day came when we were loaded on the cattle, that's not a cattle car, it's basically a closed freight wagon with a sliding dorm on either side... Inside we found straw on the floor and In the middle there was a drum, that was your toilet... There was a lot of crying on the car, a lot of screaming, people going 'fruity'.'

Work in the camps

While working at Auschwitz they had a minimum work day of 11 hours. In the camps, labor was used to destroy prisoners. A normal thing to see a prisoner doing is building camps. They would have to level ground, laying roads or digging drainage ditches.


Out of 1.1 million people, most died because of hard labor.

Conclusion

The war ended on September 2,1945. Soon after, Allied troops began liberating the concentration camps. The war took a toll on many people but for the people that had to go through Auschwitz I or any concentration camp, the mental damage was much worse. I look up to those that were strong enough to make it through and lived to tell there story.

Works Cited

Auschwitz concentration camp. (2014, April 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:48, April 16, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Auschwitz_concentration_camp&oldid=603432334


Corcoran, K.(2013) Winter in Camps. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2518619/Winter-camps-Holocaust-survivor-died-Auschwitz-worked-concentration-camps-aged-just-13-recalls-bitterest-months-Nazi-persecution.html


Leah (2003)Telling Stories. Retrieved from http://www.tellingstories.org/holocaust/mgarcia/


Jewish Virtual Library(n.d.) Living Conditions, Labor and Executions. Retrieved from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/auconditions.html