The Goddess of the wilderness, the hunt, and wild animals
Dances of maidens representing tree nymphs (dryads) were especially common in Artemis’ worship as goddess of the tree cult, a role especially popular in the Peloponnese. She supervised waters and lush wild growth and poets and artists usually pictured her with the stag or hunting dog, but the cults showed considerable variety. Artemis's main vocation was to roam mountain forests and uncultivated land with her nymphs in attendance hunting for lions, panthers, hinds and stags. She was very protective of her purity, and gave grave punishment to any man who attempted to dishonor her in any form, and was very possessive. (Encyclopedia Britannica).
She was identified by the Romans with Diana, and was identified by the Greeks with nature divinities of her own. She was often depicted with the crescent of the moon above her forehead and was sometimes identified with Selene (the goddess of the moon). Was contrasted with Aphrodite, goddess of love, and stories often treat of a rivalry between the two (Encyclopedia Mythica).
Who Worshiped Artemis
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Artemis (Greek Goddess)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
Leadbetter, Ron. "Artemis." Artemis. MMIX Encyclopedia Mythica™, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
Jones, Lindsay. "Artemis." N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.
Senior, Michael. Illustrated Who's Who in Mythology. New York: MacMillan, 1985. Print.