Artemis

The Goddess of the wilderness, the hunt, and wild animals

Family Life

Artemis is the daughter of Leto and Zeus, the twin of Apollo, and born on the island of Delos (Senior). In one legend, she was born before Apollo, and was the favorite twin who was usually accompanied by nymphs, in mountains, forests, and marshes. She, with her twin brother, put to death the children of Niobe, and became the goddess of fertility and childbirth mainly in cities (Encyclopedia Britannica).

About Artemis

Dances of maidens representing tree nymphs (dryads) were especially common in Artemis’ worship as goddess of the tree cult, a role especially popular in the Peloponnese. She supervised waters and lush wild growth and poets and artists usually pictured her with the stag or hunting dog, but the cults showed considerable variety. Artemis's main vocation was to roam mountain forests and uncultivated land with her nymphs in attendance hunting for lions, panthers, hinds and stags. She was very protective of her purity, and gave grave punishment to any man who attempted to dishonor her in any form, and was very possessive. (Encyclopedia Britannica).

Other Relations

She was identified by the Romans with Diana, and was identified by the Greeks with nature divinities of her own. She was often depicted with the crescent of the moon above her forehead and was sometimes identified with Selene (the goddess of the moon). Was contrasted with Aphrodite, goddess of love, and stories often treat of a rivalry between the two (Encyclopedia Mythica).

Who Worshiped Artemis

She was worshiped in most Greek cities but only as a secondary deity, and in Ephesus, a principal city of Asia Minor, a great temple was built in her honor, which became one of the "Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" (Encyclopedia Mythica).

Works Cited

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Artemis (Greek Goddess)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.


Leadbetter, Ron. "Artemis." Artemis. MMIX Encyclopedia Mythica™, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.


Jones, Lindsay. "Artemis." N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


Senior, Michael. Illustrated Who's Who in Mythology. New York: MacMillan, 1985. Print.