Locke vs Jefferson

By: Jordan Nugent 7th

Similarities and Comparisons

"A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another; there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties. . ."-John Locke


  • When John Locke states this in his book, I think he meant that everybody is all equal in there ways and rights no matter how or who we are and were all the same thing.


"In these and the like cases, when the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves, by erecting a new legislative, differing from the other, by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good:"-John Locke


  • When Locke states this I took it as he meant that when there is no longer a government that people are at liberty to take care of themselves and having to get used to the changes and differences.


"But though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of Licence. . .The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions…"-John Locke


  • When Locke states this he means that every states has their own law of nature and that we should all be equal and independent and no one should harm anybody.


"There is one way more whereby such a government may be dissolved, and that is: When he who has the supreme executive power neglects and abandons that charge, so that the laws already made can no longer be put in execution;"-John Locke


  • When Locke says this I think he means that the only way that we can gt rid of a government is when the leader of that government isn't doing what they're suppose to do.


"There is therefore, secondly, another way whereby governments are dissolved, and that is, when the legislative, or the prince, either of them, act contrary to their trust. First, The legislative acts against the trust reposed in them, when they endeavour to invade the property of the subject, and to make themselves, or any part of the community, masters, or arbitrary disposers of the lives, liberties, or fortunes of the people."-John Locke


  • This quote from Locke in my opinion means that he is explaining different ways where governments can be stopped and not run anymore.

Summary

I think the most important quotes above that are a very important part of the government today would be "But though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of Licence. . .The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions…" and "A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another; there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties. . ." I think those are very important points to the declaration of independence because it talks about how every man and everybody should be fair in the world and have freedom and be treated the same.