Cyanobacteria Marine Project
By: Katie, Charles, & Rita
Functions - Cellular Envelope
S layer~ Helps with the growth, maintenance of cell, enzyme display, and interaction with the host and its immune system.
Outer Membrane~ Protects cell from a harsh environment on the outside.
Periplasmic Space~ It is the gel-like mix that is in the inner cytoplasmic membrane.
Peptidoglycan~ Helps maintain the shape of the cell and counter acts osmotic pressure of bacterial protoplast.
Inner Membrane~ Helps create more space so that it can perform cellular respiration.
Cytoplasm~ It is a jelly like liquid that helps keep all organelles in place.
Functions - Inner Cell
Lipid Droplet~ A spherical droplet that is composed of lipids and proteins that is used to store fat.
Nucleoid~ Keeps hold of genetic information.
Protein Granule~ Grains of protein providing protein throughout the cell.
Ribosome~ Synthesizes protein chains from amino acid molecules.
Photosynthetic Lamellae~ A thin layer that helps the membrane strengthen it's structure.
Cyanosomes~ This is responsible for 95% of energy transfer.
Plasma Membrane~ Surrounds the entire cell that controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell.
Cell Wall~Helps with structural support, protection, and filtering.
Gelatinous Coat~ An exterior fibrin gel protecting the cel from injuries.