Cause and Effect
Odessa and Sarah
Rise of Totalitarian Regimes
After the first World War a new era was unfolding. The regimes in Russia, Germany, and Austria, were all over thrown and replaced by republics. Within two decades, many democratic countries in Europe were taken over by some kind of dictatorship. Only Britain and Frances remained staunchly democratic.
German U boats in the Atlantic
During six years of naval warfare, German U-boats and warships-- and later Italian submarines-- were pitted against allies convoys. the allied convoys were transporting military equipment and supplies across the Atlantic to Great Britain and the Soviet Union. This was done to control the Atlantic shipping lanes involved thousands of Ships and stretched across thousands of perilous square miles of ocean.
Cash and Carry policy
The United States Congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts during the 1930s under the presidency of FDR in an attempt to maintain neutral status in the European conflicts. The first act prohibited the sale of arms or the making of loans to belligerent countries. The Congress passed an significant act in 1937 that allows trade with other countries unter the condition that American ships were not used.
Lend-Lease acts of 1941
The Lend-Lease act of March 11, 1941 was the principal means for providing the U.S. military aid to foreign nations during WW2. The act gave permission to the president to transfer arms or any other defense materials for which Congress appropriated money to any government.
Bombing Pearl Harbor
A little before 8 am on December 7, 1941 hundreds of Japanese fighter plans attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. The barrage lasted 2 hours. The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 american naval vessels, including either enormous battleships, and almost 200 airplanes. More than 2,000 American soldiers and sailors died in the attack.