Bengal Tiger

One of Many Endangered Species

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About the Species:

  • National animal of India and Bangladesh
  • Typically live alone in scent-marked territories.
  • Nocturnal hunters
  • Eat buffalo, deer, pigs, and other large mammals.
  • Average Height: 3-3.5 feet (at shoulder)
  • Average Weight: Male- 490lbs Female- 310lbs
  • Average Length: Male- 9ft Female- 8ft

Becoming Endangered

This species became endangered due to the fact that tigers are hunted by humans as trophies and for Chinese medicines. Also, tigers suffer from habitat loss due to deforestation. Both of these reasons, and more, cause lack of reproduction due to the downward spiraling number of tigers left. There are under 2,000 of these tigers left in the world. An uncertain expectation of survival has been aimed at this species in the past century.

In The Future

The effects of the Bengal Tiger species becoming extinct could greatly harm the ecosystem, environment, and humans. Humans are affected by this because the extinction of this species could harm human welfare as well as economic development through places that fund for or through this species. Ecosystem is altered due to a changing off the food web, considering that the tiger is at the top of the chain and is the top predator. Lastly, the environment would also suffer from this because of overpopulation of prey of the tiger including deer, wild pigs, and etc. There would be little to no predators to maintain the population of the prey species.

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Conservation Methods

The biggest method to conserve the Bengal Tiger species is currently a program working to double the size of the population by 2022 (Year of the Tiger). This plan is called Tx2 and it is only one of the many foundations working to help this species. There are many tiger conservation groups and organizations including "Save the Tiger Foundation", "The Panthera Partnership", "The Corbett Foundation", "Big Cat Rescue", and more.