By:Ethan Troutman

Chinese reject British requests for open trade

Macartney's delegation met with the Qianlong emperor , who rejected all of the British requests. Although the mission failed to achieve its official objectives, it was later noted for the extensive cultural, political, and geographical observations its participants recorded in China and brought back to Europe.

Nepoleon invades Egypt

The French Campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798–1801) was Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in the Oreint , ostensibly to protect French trade interests, undermine Britian access to India, and to establish scientific enterprise in the region.

Taiping Uprising in China

The Taiping Rebellion or Taiping Civil War was a massive rebellion or civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864, which was fought between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Christian millenarian movement of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace.

Meiji Restoration in Japan

The Meiji Restoration, was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, over control of Korea. After more than six months of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the Chinese port of Weihaiwei Qing government sued for peace in February 1895.

Ethiopean defeat of Italy preserves Ethiopia's independence

The Battle of Adwa was fought on 1 March 1896 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy near the town of Adaw Ethiopia, in Tigrey It was the climactic battle of the First italo- Ethiopian war , securing Ethiopian sovereignty.

Boxer Rebellion in China

The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihequan Movement was a violent anti-Foreign and anti-Christian uprising which took place in China towards the end of the Qing dynasty between 1899 and 1901.

Russo-Japanese War

The Russo-Japanese War (8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

Young Turk takeover in Ottoman Empire

The Young Turks were a political reform movement in the early 20th century, favoring replacement of the absolute monarchy of the Ottoman Empire with a constitutional monarchy.

Japan annexes Korea

The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, was made by representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire on August 22, 1910.

Chinese Revolution; end of Qing Empire

The Xinhai Revolution also known as the Chinese Revolution, was a revolution that overthrew the dynasty.