What number planet is it in terms of proximity(closeness) to the sun?

Mercury is the 1st planet from the sun.

Is the planet visible from Earth?

Mercury is not visible from the Earth.

How many moons does the planet have?

Mercury has no moons.

Does the planet have any rings orbiting it?

Mercury has no rings orbiting it.

How did the planet get its name? Was it names after a real person or a god?

Mercury is the god of Commerce.

Would you like to visit this planet?

No, because it is too hot to live.
Planet Mercury | Space School