Renaissance Cultures

By:Nafisa Zaman

Language

In the Renaissance period they used Elizabeth English. Elizabeth did not sound like modern English as it is spoken in England. It was an earthy, vigorous speech. Here are some examples: "Good morning" was spoken as "Good Morrow"! "Good Afternoon" is "Good Day"! "How are you?" is "How now?".

History

In 1347 the spread of the Black Death started and killed about 4 million people and there was no medication to stop it from spreading. After the Black Death the Renaissance times started on 1350, three years. The next important event was in 1445 when Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press. It played an important role in the development of the Renaissance. Then, the Spanish Institution began it was used for both religious and political reasons. It began because Spain needed a way to unify the country into a stronger nation. Next, in 1492 Christopher Columbus "discovered" the world by traveling to look for spices. Then, in 1530 Ivan the Terrible was born. The reason they called him that was because he was described smart, but had a bad temper and mental illness. Then, came the scientific revolution and Spain goes bankrupt for the 1st time. Finally, Queen Elizabeth I officially became queen because her coordination was in 1558.

Food

The food type in the renaissance depended what you were. If you were a peasant you would eat soup or mush for about every day. Mush was made from some kind of grain and cooked in water. The soup was made out of scraps of food (usually vegetables) and would generally have black bread.They didn't get a lot of meat, and it was rare and expensive. One reason meat was hard to get was because it needed salt to preserve the meat and the salt was very expensive at that time. The wealthy people on the other side ate huge feasts and a lot of meat. For example, large roasts of beef, stag, and pig. They also ate soups but these soups were spiced with exotic spices and and often added sugar.

Art

The Renaissance art is divided into two periods. In the era 1400-1479 artists tried to imitate classical artists focusing on the symmetry and the perfect form. There were artists such as Giotto, Masaccio, and Donatello. In the era 1475-1525 the artists started using perspective and space to give more realism to their artwork. They also started using balance, proportion, light, and dark to their artwork. There were also many great artists in this era like Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Rafael. There were many great masterpieces like School of Athens, Mona Lisa, and The Calling of St. Matthews.

Architecture

In the Renaissance architecture they obviously had different architecture. The buildings were built as square/rectangular symmetrical shapes and the entrances were usually in an arch shape. They also used roman columns the ceilings were flat or opened. The roman columns had designs on them at the top, but the bottom was just plain simple. Domes and arches were very popular and they were taken from Roman and Greek architecture.

Housing

Types of renaissance housing were dived into categories based on social class and wealth. The peasants made their houses of stone, wood, or earth depending on which was more plentiful The roofs were made of straw and the windows had rectangular holes with wooden shutters to cover them when you needed to. The floors were made of dirt or tiles, but they put flowers and herbs on the floor to get rid of odors. The middle class people (lawyers, doctors, merchants) lived in homes made out of wood, stucco, or both. Roofs were made out of slate or tiles. The windows were made out of several small panes of glass and lead to hold them together. Windows for the middle class also had several designs depending on the area and the house owner's budget. For the wealthy people they lived in castles. After the wars had settled down the castles were used for royalty and nobility. The castles were made out of thick walls, small windows, Italian architecture, and warfare in mind.

Clothing

The clothing for the renaissance times were different at places. For example,the northern European countries were wearing natural figuring by padding sleeves, doublets, and stockings. Italy was more stuck to the medieval times. Germans wore large puffs at the head, shoulder, thighs; small puffs at boils, over chest, back, arms, legs and feet. They also wore feathers on almost everything! Colors were dark and strong during this time. A complete outfit would include flat caps, jerkins, upper hoses, gable headdresses, and duckbill shoes. But the peasants could wear anything they could get their hands on (potato sacks, barrels, deer skin, etc.).

Traditions

A tradition they did in the Renaissance period was jousting. Jousting was when they had 2 opponents and had to attack/make the opponent fall off their horses. They wore shining metallic knight armor, had 1 shield each, and had 1 lance (sword looking thing) each. Another tradition in the Renaissance times were marriage. They weren't like the simple marriages we have now. They had the wedding at the bride's house, but the couples that were considered royalty held their weddings in medieval castles. Renaissance marriage ceremonies and celebrations also depended on what social class the bride and the groom were.

Religion

The religion in the Renaissance period was Roman Catholic along with Popish Catholic. Some people believed in a god or gods, but some people didn't. In the Renaissance time the most/common religion was Roman Catholic. The Roman Catholic did not believe in Jesus Christ because the Catholic Church denies Jesus' mother by redefining her being born like Jesus without original sin.

Transportation

Transportation was for the wealthy and middle class people. They traveled/rode horses, mules, wagons, and coaches. Traveling in the sea was popular during this period, but sea travel could also cause severe dangers to travelers. Pirates were to wreck a ship and cause storms that caused massive waves that hurt the travelers and destruction.Travelers were usually merchants, students, missionaries, pilgrims, and soldiers.