Canada In 2060

Made by: Hamza Saqib Rashid


Canada is an economically stable country with a population of 35.16 million people. In this report I will be discussing the current demography and immigration of Canada and how I believe it will change by the year 2060. I will also be discussing how the First Nations people and immigrants will impact our population in the future.

Current State Of Canada

Demography: The current population of Canada is 35.16 million people. The birth rate is 10.28 and the death rate is 7.87. The shorter bottom (0-4), in the population pyramid, shows that Canada has a low birth rate. The top (70-100+) is wider compared to population pyramids of India and China. This shows that Canada has a low death rate and high life expectancy. This results in a natural increase rate of 2.41. The infant mortality rate in Canada is 4.8. The total fertility rate, average number of children a woman would bear during her lifetime, in Canada is 1.61.The current immigration rate is 7.2. This population pyramid shows that Canada has a stationary population, but is going towards the contracting phase.
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Immigration: Canada has an immigration rate of 7.2 and accepts, approximately, 250,000 immigrants per year. Before 1971, most of the immigrants came from Europe (78.3%). Between 2006 to 2011, only 159,700 (13.7%) of Canada's total immigrants came from Europe. 661,600 (56.9%) immigrants came from Asia and 145,700 (12.5%) came from Africa. The main countries from which immigrants come to Canada are:
  • China
  • Philippines
  • India
  • Pakistan

First Nations Situation: There are 617 First Nations Communities, and approximately half of them live in Ontario and British Columbia. Their total population is more than 850,000 people. There are many stereotypical thoughts that come to our mind when we think about the First Nations people. For e.g.

  • Cultural events and dances.
  • Lack of education.
  • Poverty.
  • Unhygienic
  • Traditional clothing (robes, silks)

These are just a few of those thought that leads to discrimination against the First Nations people. They are given 7 billion dollars and are constantly asked what they do with that money. On the other hand, Newfoundland has approximately the same number of people and they receive 8 billion dollars. This is a form of discrimination towards the First Nations people. Underfunding leads to some children not receiving education. Their land is taken from them, for industrial purposes, without even consulting them.

Canada's Future

Demography: I predict that the birth rate in Canada is going to be similar to the current low birth rate. The children who are between 0-4 will be the parents of the babies born in 2060. Therefore, the birth rate will be low in 2060 as there are only 5.4% Canadians in the 0-4 category.

I predict the death rate will be higher compared to the current death rate. The baby boomers (people born between 1946-1964) will be dying around the year 2040-2060. This will cause the death rate to become higher. The population pyramid below illustrates the idea that the death rate will be high in 2060, while the birth rate will be low. Therefore, I believe the Natural Increase Rate will be high because there will be a significant difference between the birth and death rate. The dependancy load will increase as many people will retire around the year 2060.

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Immigration: The immigration rate will be high as the high death rate will result in Canada allowing more than 250,000 immigrants per year. This will help to keep the population stable. The net migration rate will be high too, as many people will be immigrating to Canada. The number of people immigrating to Canada affects the Immigration rate and the net migration rate.

The push and pull factors in 2060 will be similar to the current factors:

Push Factors:

  • Poverty
  • Diseases
  • Natural Disasters
  • War
  • Overpopulation.

Pull Factors:

  • Good health care
  • Better living standard
  • Good education
  • Security
  • Political and/or religious freedom
  • Job opportunities

I believe that Canada will encourage Business/Entrepreneur Immigrants to come to Canada, as this is an effective way to decrease unemployment. Economic immigrants will also be encouraged because of their contribution to the economy.

A big issue related to our immigration is that highly qualified people come to Canada but they are not recognised. Employers want Canadian experience instead of foreign experience, which causes many people to do jobs such as driving a cab. Therefore, I believe their foreign experience should be considered. It will be beneficial for our economy as they can use their skills in Canada. There is a video (further below) that will briefly explain the future of Canada's immigration.

First Nations Communities in Canada: I believe that the Indian act will be removed and the First Nations people will also be considered as "Canadians". The main reason behind this is the resources available on their land. These resources include oils, minerals and timber. These resources have a total value $300 billion. This will also be a way to interact with the aboriginal people through methods such as doing business with them.

The birth rate of Aboriginal people is much higher than the birth rate of Canadian people. The graph below shows that the birth rate of Aboriginals is very high even though there are approximately 1,400,685 (as of 2011) aboriginal people in Canada. These people will play a key role to keep our natural increase rate stable. If this birth rate tends to become lower in the future, Canada will have to allow a massive number of immigrants to enter Canada.

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Demographics of Canada's Future Workforce


How my life will be in Canada in 2060? by hamzasaqib11


To conclude, I believe that our country has a bright future. The First Nations people and immigrants will greatly impact our population. They will play a key role to keep our population and economy stable, causing Canada to prosper.


  • "Canadians in Context - Aboriginal Population." / Indicators of Well-being in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2015
  • "Immigration Watch Canada." Immigration Watch Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2015.
  • "Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit."Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.