the Cold War

Unit 7

The end of World War II led to ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union that impacted the US socially, politically, and economically, including military action in Korea and Vietnam.


Policy: Marshall Plan, Truman Doctrine, Arms/Space Race, Containment, Domino Theory

Events: Sputnik (1957), Berlin Airlift, Kennedy and Cuban Missile Crisis, McCarthyism, Korean War, Detente, Cuban MIssile Crisis, McCarthyism, Vietnam War, Nixon's normalization w/ China (Detente),

People: JFK, Joseph McCarthy, Nixon, Roy Benavidez (MOH)

Organization: NATO, HUAC (Venona Papers)

Vietnam: Escalation of forces, Tet Offensive, Fall of Saigon, Vietnamizaiton, Draft, Credibility Gap, Anti-War Movement, 26th Amendment, silent majority, role of media, Gulf of Tonkin Resolution & War Powers Act (relation btwn branches), Roy Benavidez (MOH)

Social: Beat Generation, Rock & Roll, In God We Trust, E Pluribus Unum

Early Cold War

  • Break up of WWII allies
  • Berlin Airlift
  • China Falls to Communism
  • Marshall Plan
  • Truman Doctrine

Korean War 1951-1953

Vietnam War

Order to Gen. MacArthur from President Truman, 1951

April 10, 1951


I deeply regret that it becomes my duty as President and Commander in Chief of the United States military forces to replace you as Supreme Commander, Allied Powers; Commander in Chief, United Nations Command; Commander in Chief, Far East; and Commanding General, U.S. Army, Far East.

You will turn over your commands, effective at once, to Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. You are authorized to have issued such orders as are necessary to complete desired travel to such place as you select.

My reasons for your replacement will be made public concurrently with the delivery to you of the foregoing order, and are contained in the next following message.
Truman answers MacArthur. May 7, 1951