African Independence

Barreca Durand, Anna Woo, and Sierra Andres

After the Second World War people in Africa wanted change. Only Egypt, Liberia and Ethiopia were independent countries. In, 1960, 17 African countries independence from their colonial rulers. Each country became independent all at different times and in different ways. But it took them allow to achieve this independence lets take a look below showing brief summaries of how these countries became free.


Africa’s Independence Timeline


  • 26 July 1847: Liberia
  • 28 February 1922: Egypt
  • 24 December 1951: Libya
  • 1 January 1956: Sudan
  • 2 March 1956: Morocco
  • 20 March 1956: Tunisia
  • 6 March 1957: Ghana
  • 2 October 1958: Guinea
  • 1 January 1960: Cameroon
  • 27 April 1960: Togo
  • 26 June 1960: Madagascar
  • 30 June 1960: DR Congo
  • 1 July 1960: Somalia
  • 1 August 1960: Benin
  • 3 August 1960: Niger
  • 5 August 1960: Burkina Faso
  • 7 August 1960: Côte d’Ivoire
  • 11 August 1960: Chad
  • 13 August 1960: Central African Republic
  • 15 August 1960: Congo
  • 17 August 1960: Gabon
  • 20 August 1960: Senegal
  • 22 September 1960: Mali
  • 1 October 1960: Nigeria
  • 28 November 1960: Mauritania
  • 27 April 1961: Sierra Leone
  • 31 May 1961: South Africa
  • 1 July 1962: Rwanda
  • 1 July 1962: Burundi
  • 3 July 1962: Algeria
  • 9 October 1962: Uganda


Important People

Nelson Mandela:

Nelson Mandela, before he was president of South Africa, he worked with ANC and other citizens to achieve his country's independence. He helped settle disputes between Libya and Britain. He sabotaged attacks on government buildings and was sent to jail for almost 30 years.

Kwame Nkrumah:

Leader of newly independent Ghana. Nkrumah faced many challenges: first, to learn to govern; second, to unify the four territories of the Gold Coast; third, to win his nation’s complete independence from the United Kingdom

Patrice Lumumba: who headed the Congolese delegation. however, a man of strong character who intended to pursue his policies, regardless of the enemies he made within his country or abroad.

Holden Roberto of Angola: His contributions in helping free Angola from centuries of Portuguese rule were hailed by both Angola’s main opposition party